Abandoned cities of Russia: list, description

Russia is immense, sometimes even hard to imagine where people live. However, the time comes, and circumstances force a person to leave his home. Even in the middle of a large city one can meet or even a whole district, and the number of abandoned cities in Russia is generally difficult to calculate. Political and economic squabbles, geographical features change our country constantly. Many settlements were left behind in the modern reality. Now they have formed a whole layer of apocalyptic culture, they make films and clips, they are visited by tourists.

Komi Republic

Halmer-U is a former mining village of the Gornyatsky district, 60 kilometers from the city of Vorkuta. By the way, from the Nenets language the name translates as “river in the valley of death”. It appeared against the background of the discovery of the deposit of the most valuable coal of grade “K”. Mine earned in 1957, and the average daily coal production was 250 tons.

In 1993, a decision was taken to liquidate the mine and, accordingly, the village.The official documents spoke of a civilized resettlement of the population in compliance with all the norms of world legislation. In fact, people were taken out of the houses by riot police.

Now this area is used as a military training ground. In 2005, exercises were held, and on a bomber with Putin V.V. on board the missiles were launched at the Khalmer-Yu culture house. And in 2013, exploration drilling began again to detect hydrocarbon raw materials.

For reference: the number of population in 1959 in the settlement was 7122 people, in 1989 - 4389 people.

Industrial settlement also belongs to the district of Vorkuta and is also abandoned. However, the elimination of the settlement is connected with the tragedy, and not with the decision of the government.

The industrial settlement of the Komi Republic is also a mining one, it was founded in 1956. Worked on the construction of the village and mines ("Central" and "Industrial"), mainly prisoners from the Lithuanian, Ukrainian SSR and other regions. Freemen worked at the mines themselves, many came after being released from prison, after the army, at the end of educational institutions, in other words, for the “long ruble”.

The explosion at the Tsentralnaya mine occurred in 1998 and killed 27 people, 19 bodies were never found. For a long time people still lived here, but already in 2009 even the unofficial population completely left these places.

For reference: in 1959, 3,405 people lived in the village, and in 1979, 15,000; in 2002, 1,170 people.

Industrial settlement

Perm region

Old Gubakha - the once typical industrial working town of the Urals. The population here was several thousand. On the territory of the settlement there were many 8-apartment two-storey houses.

About 30 years ago, due to the deteriorating environmental situation (the settlement is located in a lowland near the coke plant), all residents were relocated to the modern village of Gubakha, 5 kilometers from the abandoned settlement.

To date, there are still houses built of concrete and brick, and there is even a building that is maintained in a residential condition. In the district of Old Gubakhi life is in full swing - power lines are working, country houses are being built and household plots are being cultivated. The only problem is that there is no water, it is brought in tanks only once a week.

Old Gubaha

Jubilee - another village in the Perm region, founded in 1957.Formed around the Kizel coal basin. In the 90s of the last century, the deposit was recognized as unprofitable, the gradual closure of mines began, the population was leaving.

In 2010, in the village, which was designed for 50 thousand inhabitants, 1180 people lived. To date, there are only old people left.

Chukotka

On the site of the polymetallic field development in 1937, the Iultin settlement began to form. He is now on the list of abandoned cities in Russia. Like most of these settlements, Iultin did not survive in the 90s, they stopped processing ore. The last resident left the settlement in 2000.

Before the restructuring, in 1989, 5301 people lived in Ilulin.

village Iultin

Sakhalin

Kolendo is the northernmost settlement of Sakhalin and the abandoned city of Russia. Here, once found oil and gas, people pulled into the village. In 1979, there were 2 thousand people. The reason for the liquidation was the exhaustion of mineral reserves and the earthquake in Neftegorsk, which also affected these places.

Neftegorsk - another liquidated town. Until 1970, it was called the East and was considered the most comfortable on all Sakhalin.The settlement was destroyed by an earthquake that occurred in May 1995. At that time, 3,197 people lived in Neftegorsk. Under the ruins of buildings were 2,040 people. The rescue work was carried out for several days, the locals who survived helped the rescuers manually dismantle the rubble.

After the tragedy, they decided not to rebuild the settlement, but to relocate all the survivors to other regions. Now the city has a memorial plate and a chapel as a reminder of how many people died. The bodies of all those who managed to get out were buried in the local cemetery. And the fact that there once was a city, only the ruins, the foundations of houses and street signs are reminiscent.

Neftegorsk, Sakhalin

Yakutia

The abandoned city of Russia is Nizhneyansk, built beyond the Arctic Circle, on the banks of the Yana River. In fact, it was a major transportation hub with a large port, which provided materially and technically Verkhoyansk and Ust-Yansky districts, the Deputy GOK. There was even an airport with a runway length of 1700 meters. But in 2012, due to unprofitability, it stopped working.

In 1979, 2,164 people lived in the settlement, and in 2017, 233 people lived.

Nizhneyansk, Yakutia

Kamchatka

Finval is an abandoned city of Russia located in the Bechevinskaya bay.It was a military facility where submarines moored, so the town was given a name to keep secrecy. Once there was even an 8-year-old school, a kindergarten and a club with an orchestra.

During the period of military reform, in 1996, the remote garrison fell under reduction. The military independently exported their “possessions”, since the highest echelon of power was not interested in this question. The ships relocated to Zavoyko. However, spent fuel and other reserves remained in the settlement. For a long time, the public trumpeted about the environmental problem in this place, which was decided by shooting tanks with fuel from helicopters. In this case, no one was interested in what damage was done to nature.

Kamchatka, Finval

Ryazan Oblast

Kursha-2 is an abandoned ghost town in Russia, on the territory of the Ryazan region. It was destroyed in 1936, after the fire. Founded it for the development of forest reserves. Already by 1930 more than 1 thousand people lived here. In the city brought the railway.

Because of the greed of the dispatcher, more than 1,200 people died. Knowing about the fire, the regional authorities sent empty trains to save people. However, the dispatcher decided to first load the wood, and only then the people. As a result, when leaving the city, the bridge was already burning, and people were trapped.Only a few dozen people managed to escape, and those who remained in the city and hid in wells and other shelters.

After the fire about the tragedy, the authorities kept silent and quietly restored the village. However, at the end of the war, all residents were evicted, and the railway tracks were dismantled. Now the remains of the settlement are part of the Oka Reserve.

Ryazan Region, Kursha-2

Yaroslavl region

The city of Mologa, located at the confluence of the river of the same name into the Volga. In 1935, it was decided to build the Rybinsk reservoir, and the city fell into the flood zone. In 1936, the population was announced a relocation, which lasted until 1941. The flooding of the reservoir bowl was made in 1946.

In the period from 1992 to 1993, the water level began to fall and gradually expose the partially previously flooded city. The expedition immediately went here.

In 2014, the water left even more, and entire streets and buildings appeared on the site of Mologa. Now you can sail to the shore by boat.

City Mologa

List of abandoned cities of Russia

Of course, this is not a complete list, but one of the most famous ghost towns.

Alykel, Taimyr

Located near Norilsk, close to the airport of the same name, was once the settlement of military pilots.

Polar,

Komi

Formed around the mine of the same name.For a long time was the benchmark of the Soviet infrastructure. As of the beginning of 2017, there were 1,530 people living here.

Upper Kildin,

Murmansk region

There was on the island of Kildin, where the artillery unit was based. Lived here from 1957 to 1995, today is empty.

Forest,

Leningrad region

There was once a military town on the border of two regions: Leningrad and Volgograd. Completely empty.

Village Andreevtsy,

Republic of Udmurtia

Already in 2012, not a single person lived in the village. Old buildings, a church and 10 residential buildings have been preserved. Although life in the district is in full swing.

Village Mulda,

Komi

Located in the city district of Vorkuta. Mainly the military lived here. Now the settlement is completely abandoned and only a few 2, 4, 1-storey houses are decorated.

Working village number 5,

Leningrad region

It was formed on peat extraction, but when production became unprofitable, the settlement was liquidated. Only a few residential buildings, a water tower and country houses abandoned houses remained.

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