Brown Capuchins: Lifestyles, Behaviors and Descriptions of Monkey Species
Among the exotic animals are very popular cute monkeys from the genus Capuchin. This is due to the uniqueness of their character, intelligence and intelligence. They have peculiar habits and temper. If a person has a desire to acquire such a friend for himself, then he definitely needs to learn more about these features.
What is known monkey of the genus Capuchins?
The name of these exotic animals are obliged to the order of monks of ancient times. This order was founded at the beginning of the 16th century. Clothing representatives of the Franciscan branch was equipped with a pointed hood of an unusual shape and had a dark brown color. The monkeys that will be discussed in this article have such a coat color on top of their head, which resembles this detail of monastic vestments. This was the reason for assigning primates such a name.
Brown capuchin monkeys of a breed are widely known among animal lovers, especially exotic ones. They are very nice, so they earned genuine love from their admirers. They are easy to distinguish from other varieties of primates of the genus Capuchins. They have two hornlike tuft on their heads. In addition, these monkeys are among the largest among the representatives of their family.
What other names can this breed carry?
In addition to the name "brown capuchins", they may be referred to as: apels, black-headed capuchins, fauns. All these are the names of one kind of animals. Interestingly, the brain in these animals is approximately 1.9% of the total weight. The human brain takes about 2%, and the brain of chimpanzees - 0.9%. Therefore, it can be concluded that the Capuchins are intellectuals and are capable of learning as well as solving complex problems.
Physiology and monkey description
Brown capuchin has long, straight, black colored hair over its ears. They form the characteristic tufts of this type of monkey. In total they have two such crest, thanks to which these monkeys are called crested. The muzzle of an apella visually seems square.This is due to two black stripes running from the side of the head. The very same face is highlighted by a light red shade. Wool has a dark color with shades of brown from yellow mustard to dark brown, sometimes even black. The fur on the shoulders is lighter, and the tail, feet and hands are always brown and black.
The weight that adult brown capuchins have is from 1.5 to 5 kilograms. However, there are individuals weighing up to 7 kg. The body of monkeys has a length of from 30 to 35 centimeters, and the tail - from 30 to 55 centimeters. These are the only representatives of the genus Capuchins, capable of rolling their long tail ring. By the way, monkeys of this type are called chain-tailed, as the tail itself is prehensile. As a rule, males are much larger than females.
Where do they live?
Cute brown capuchins in habitats prefer the tropics and subtropics. But they are also found in dry gallery forests, also in the highlands of northwestern Argentina, at an altitude of 200 to 1100 meters.
To date, such primates are registered in Colombia, Bolivia, Paraguay, Ecuador, French Guiana, Suriname, Brazil, Guyana, Argentina, Peru, and Venezuela.
Brown Capuchins: Lifestyle and Natural Enemies
These animals live in groups of 10 to 30 individuals. Usually females and males equally. But there are also inequalities in the direction of a larger number of women. The language of communication is quite diverse: shouting, trilling, growling, whistling, chirping, purring, something like cawing and grinding of teeth.
Apella, or the brown capuchin monkey, is peace-loving and gets on well with its neighbors. However, the leader protects his territory from the invasion of outsiders. The area occupied by fauns usually reaches 40 hectares, but it can also be very large - up to 350 hectares. If the territory is huge, the community moves daily to new places. In order to scare off unwanted aliens, the leader makes terrible screams.
If the danger is near, the monkeys whistle heavily. So they warn each other. Most of all fauns are terrible birds of prey, especially hawks and eagles. No less dangerous are jaguars, snakes and other predators. Mutual aid, developed in the Capuchins, helps the pack to survive.
Reproduction and offspring
Apella polygamous. It is the female who chooses the male. When the female is ready, she emits conscription sounds and seduces the dominant male with poses.When a male notices a female ready for mating, he starts singing high notes. Primates mate once a day. After mating has taken place, the male will not allow other males to this female for two more days. During this time, the female will calm down and subsequently produce a baby from the strongest male.
Brown black-headed or crested capuchin can mate at any time of the year, but it is noted that the offspring appears most of all during the drought and early rainy season. Therefore, we can say that the period of weddings in the Capuchins is in April-July. They give birth to females once every two years.
Capuchin Monkey: Captive
The price of capuchins starts from 150 thousand rubles. But before you decide to buy yourself a little friend, you need to evaluate your strength. Money will require considerable and for further maintenance. In addition, this is a creature that requires attention and love. On average, monkeys in captivity live up to 25 years.
Primates are grown in special nurseries. Properly acquire capuchin after reaching 5 months. It is at this age that the monkey is capable of independent feeding and is ready for relocation to another home.
A healthy primate should have a clear look and a normal temperature. An animal should not have scratches and bald spots on the body. The cub must be vigorous and have a good appetite.
It is necessary to find out from the breeder the taste preferences of the baby, so that later it will be easier for him to adapt to the new family. It is useful to talk about his character traits, inclinations and characteristics.
Do not forget that animals are subject to diseases, like people. And the young primates are so close to human. Therefore, they need to provide comfort and all necessary conditions of detention. If this is not possible, then it is better not to take an animal to yourself. Both small and large primates need constant preventive examination. A physician should specialize in primates, and not be an ordinary veterinarian.
You need to know that Capuchins are susceptible to diabetes. Therefore, you should not get involved in sweets, and you need to constantly monitor the blood sugar of the animal.
Capuchin enclosure should be spacious. Animals adore an active lifestyle and therefore move on all limbs. Primates should be able to climb and ride on a swing. We must not forget about the safety of the enclosure, so that the animal does not hurt and could not easily break everything.
These monkeys are very clever. They easily learn everything from their owners and imitate their behavior. Periodically, the pet needs to walk on the street. For this, be sure to wear a collar and a leash.