Deprive on the head: symptoms, causes, treatment
The concept of "lichen" collected a lot of skin diseases. Some of them are highly contagious and are transmitted to humans from animals or infected people. This disease can affect the skin of any part of the body. Most common is lichen on the head, arms, legs, back and abdomen. There are main forms of the disease:
- red flat.
The last two species are not infectious and are autoimmune. The rest are infectious and caused by various pathogens. People of any age suffer from this disease. Gender does not matter. Children are sick more often than adults.
Why are some people susceptible to shingles and others not? Doctors definitely can not answer. A major role in the occurrence of the disease is immunity. If it is strong enough, it is able to withstand infectious agents. An organism weakened by constant stresses, bad habits, and poor-quality nutrition is often subjected to various ailments.
Multicolored or scaly versicolor is an infectious form of the disease caused by opportunistic fungi Pityrosporum (Malassezia). This pathogen can be on the skin of an infected person for a long time without causing symptoms. As soon as immunity weakens, he begins to progress. Danger to life and health, he is not, but gives the person psychological and physical discomfort.
The best medium for this parasite:
At first, light spots appear on the skin, which eventually become pink or yellowish. It can occur on any part of the body. If it is deprived on the head, then it is not accompanied by hair loss. The main difference of this species is the absence of uncomfortable sensations. The spots are not inflamed, no itching. They do not rise above the skin and do not peel off. They can grow in size and merge into one, affecting significant areas of the body. Over time, these spots can change color, becoming darker, closer to brown. The disease occurs for a long time, in the absence of therapy it can affect vast areas. With proper treatment, the spots eventually acquire the same color and do not bother the patient. Therapy consists of antifungal agents and immunomodulators.
Red lichen planus
The cause of this disease is still a mystery. No specific pathogen has been identified. Red lichen is considered non-infectious, although this information is also not proven. It refers to diseases of an autoimmune nature when the body attacks its own cells. For the occurrence of such ills should be a provoking factor. It may be:
- chronic viral infection;
- constant stress;
- bad habits;
- the presence of endocrine pathologies and much more.
For this disease is characterized by the appearance of a rash in the form of nodules with a shiny surface.
Over time, the rash becomes bluish. This type of lichen is accompanied by terrible itching. And not only the affected areas, but the whole body are itching. This rash can appear anywhere on the skin. Less common is a lichen on the head. This type of disease has several forms:
- bubbly - rashes look like small bubbles filled with fluid;
- ring - has the form of an arc or semicircle, quickly spreading through the body;
- warty - looks like a wart;
- pointed - rashes resemble sharp thorns;
- hyperkeratic - lesion of the mucous membrane.
This type of disease does not affect the entire skin, but is located on a specific part of the body.
As in the previous case, the reason for the appearance is unknown. In theory, there are three possible natures of the disease:
Initially, an infectious pathogen enters the body, and an allergic reaction develops, which manifests itself in a similar way.
One pink maternal stain forms on the skin. After a week, foci begin to appear throughout the body. They can grow in size. Patients present with severe itching. After some time, the spots in the central part turn yellow, a pink border remains. Rashes exist on the skin for some time, then begin to peel off. Subsequently, on the site of the rash stains remain, which can be dark or white. Over time, they also disappear. Such a lichen can occur on the head, back, face, abdomen, limbs. In addition to spots, there may appear various bubbles and nodes, which is associated with the characteristics of the organism.Pink lichen on the head and face is extremely rare. More typical is its localization on the trunk and extremities.
The disease is chronic and not treatable. It may occur for no apparent reason and also suddenly pass. Exacerbations are often associated with the seasons.
A fairly common disease is ringworm on the head. Symptoms are extremely difficult to confuse with other species. Called by the mushrooms Trichophyton tonsurans. Unlike other species, it can inhabit the lymphatic system and nail plates. From the moment the agent enters the body to the first symptoms of the disease, it can take up to several months. Ringworm on the head appears on the skin with rashes that do not have clear boundaries. Their size varies from one to four centimeters in diameter. Such foci do not merge with each other. If this is a lichen on the head, then it is characterized by breaking off the hair at the very base, due to which it got its name - “ringworm”. The disease is extremely contagious and can become chronic. Signs of lichen on the head:
- the presence of itchy rashes;
- swelling at the site of injury;
- lack of clear boundaries of the spots;
- damage to hair on the head.
Most often the disease is observed:
- in children;
- for persons who do not respect personal hygiene;
- with a weakened immune system;
- in the presence of chronic infections;
- with endocrine disorders.
What looks like shingles on the head? The photo below demonstrates this.
This type of lichen is caused by the virus Varicella zoster, which is a herpes infection. Most often, the disease affects people after 40 years. In the cold season, outbreaks of infection are more common. Children under 10 years old do not suffer from this disease. First, there is a general malaise, the temperature rises, pain and aches occur throughout the body. Only a few days later on the skin appear bubble eruptions with fluid inside. Unilateral damage to the body is characteristic of a rash, although other options are possible. Shingles of the scalp, face, and extremities is extremely rare. Usually the rash is located in the abdomen and back. The mild form completely disappears in about a month. However, there are more severe, with various complications:
- inflammation of the trigeminal nerve - accompanied by temporary symptoms of facial paralysis;
- defeat of the ear canal by the virus - accompanied by unbearable ear and headache, sometimes leads to hearing loss;
- lesion of the mucous membrane of the eyeball;
- gangrenous lesion - affects the deep layers of the skin; another infection is possible; it is a dangerous form that can lead to blood poisoning and death;
- hemorrhagic form of the disease - occurs with the presence of vesicles filled with blood.
Regardless of the variety depriving, the main factors of its development are:
- reduced immunity;
- various chronic infections;
- endocrine diseases;
- the presence of allergic reactions;
- diseases of the digestive tract;
- constant stress;
- the presence of bad habits;
- lack of personal hygiene.
Not everyone knows what is deprive. Symptoms, treatment, and causes are of great concern to patients with suspected illness. In addition to physical discomfort, versicolor causes strong psychological experiences. Rashes can be located on any part of the body and it is not always possible to hide them from the eyes of others.Patients try to avoid society, become withdrawn, fall into depression, which further aggravates the course of the disease. For the same reason, many are in no hurry to go to the hospital and are trying to cope with the illness with folk remedies. Most often, such patients get an appointment with a doctor with severely deprived lichen. Any skin manifestations on the body are a signal from the body that there is some kind of problem.
There is no one way how to treat lichen. It is necessary to establish the cause and pathogen. This is the only way to assign adequate treatment, which will allow to get rid of the disease in a short time. Common symptoms of depriving:
- the occurrence of various spots of a round, oval, arched shape;
- redness, peeling, itching;
- fusion of foci among themselves;
- rapid spread of rash, especially after swimming;
- general malaise.
If you experience similar symptoms, you should consult a doctor for additional diagnostics.
In order to make a diagnosis, a doctor must make a diagnosis, which includes:
- visual inspection;
- collection of patient complaints;
- scraping the affected skin;
- skin test with iodine and alcohol;
- inspection with a special lamp.
After an accurate diagnosis is established, the doctor will tell you how to treat the lichen.
Therapy of this disease is aimed at eliminating its causes. If it is an infectious pathogen, then antifungal and antiviral drugs are prescribed. With red and rosy lichen, everything is much more complicated. Once diagnosed, it is necessary to establish the cause of the disease.
In the treatment of lichen planus, additional examinations are carried out:
- digestive tract;
- nervous system;
- blood (sugar test);
- pressure check.
In the period of acute illness take the following medications:
The doctor selects the dosage individually. Additionally prescribed antiallergic drugs. If there are problems with the nervous system, it is useful to take sedatives. If the rash has a tendency to inflammation, hormone preparations are prescribed:
Pink lichen treatment is not always performed. Most often, the disease itself goes away with time.However, during periods of exacerbation, there is a risk of the accession of a secondary infection. Very often, the pink lichen goes into streptoderma. In order to alleviate the symptoms, you must follow some rules:
- do not wear synthetic clothing;
- try not to take a bath (better shower);
- do not use hard washcloths;
- in the diet should follow a hypoallergenic diet;
- lesions should be treated with special ointments and solutions prescribed by the doctor.
The best prevention of this disease is to strengthen the immune system and a healthy lifestyle.
Ringworm is treated with antifungal drugs. Apply ointment local action. It usually takes about two weeks to remove the pathogen. Then the ointment is used for two more weeks to fix the result. If the disease is very advanced and has deprive it on the head, the treatment is carried out with general antifungal drugs. You can not use them yourself, as they are extremely toxic. In the selection of drugs and dosages will help the doctor. After the onset of recovery, all the things used by the patient must be replaced and disinfected.
Pityrile versicolor is treated the same way as ringworm. Anti-fungal ointments, sprays are prescribed. Drugs and dosage also selects the doctor. If it is found that the person has scabrious versicolor on the head, then it is better to use drugs of systemic action, since the hair on the head makes it difficult to treat with ointments. In the complex, the doctor may recommend the use of a special shampoo.
When detecting shingles is detected, the treatment is performed with the following groups of drugs:
- sometimes anticonvulsant.
Therapy is mainly aimed at eliminating painful symptoms.
For any species, depriving the prognosis is favorable. The earlier the disease has been identified, the sooner it can be treated. The threat to health and life are neglected forms with the addition of a secondary infection. Sometimes in such cases develops sepsis, and the person may die. Lichen itself can bring physical and psychological discomfort due to a cosmetic defect that is difficult to hide from prying eyes. With timely started treatment and the implementation of all the recommendations of the doctor, the disease finally subsides after a month.To prevent recurrence, prophylactic methods are used.
All skin manifestations on the human body emanate from the depths of the body. The main thing - do not miss this alarm. For the prevention of depriving, like many other diseases, it is extremely important to keep your immune system in good shape. It is this one that does not allow viruses, bacteria and fungi that are the causative agents of many diseases to enter our bodies. So, to reduce the likelihood of developing lichen, you need:
- do not contact with homeless animals;
- get rid of bad habits;
- exclude smoked foods, semi-finished products, soda, confectionery;
- more to be in the fresh air, play sports;
- avoid stress and get enough sleep;
- pay attention to their health and time to treat chronic diseases.