Disease of tomatoes. How to deal with phytophthora on tomatoes?
Already in February, when the earth is still covered with snow,many farmers are beginning to care for the future harvest: they buy seeds, prepare planting boxes and greenhouses. Growing tomatoes from small kernels, surrounding them with care, everyone hopes to get as a result beautiful, juicy and ripe fruits, but the dreams of some owners will not come true. And all the blame for the disease, which in a short time destroy the plant. The question of how to deal with phytophthora on tomatoes is of interest to many, because the disease can nullify all efforts and completely destroy the crop.
In July, problems begin togreenhouse seedlings, and with the one that grows in the open ground. It is during this period that the phytophthora appears on tomatoes. How to deal with this disease and whether it is possible to save plants? Of course, it is best to carry out prophylaxis in June, such preparations as "Zircon" and "Phytosporin" are suitable. Tomatoes growing in the open ground, it is easier to save, because they can be treated with one of the solutions containing copper. After this, the fruit can not be eaten for 3 weeks. In a greenhouse, spraying the tops with copper solutions is impossible, because tomatoes are immediately used.
How to save tomatoes from phytophthora without resorting todangerous to health products? Alternatively, 5% iodine can be used, in the calculation of 1 ml per 1 liter of water. To begin with, it is necessary to completely cut off the affected leaves, such yellow and black spots, then sprinkle abundantly on the stem and fruits. Re-treatment is carried out after 3 days. So that the solution does not slip off the leaves, you can add soap to it.
If you are interested in the question of how to deal withphytophthora on tomatoes, it is worth trying mulching the soil under the plants. This method significantly reduces the chances of this disease, because it causes spores of microfungus, which lives in the ground. If you are interested in how to deal with phytophthora on tomatoes in a safe way, then you should buy a 10% solution of calcium chloride in the pharmacy, dilute it with water in a ratio of 1: 4. The resulting preparation must be sprinkled with sepals and flowers, because the phytophthora falls on the fruits.
Knowing how to deal with phytophthora on tomatoes,you can save at least part of the crop. At the first signs, it is necessary to immediately cut loose flowers, because, on the one hand, they are the source of infection, and on the other hand, pull the juices from the bush, preventing the ripening of the formed fruits. Next, remove all the spoiled as well as the bottom leaves. The plant should gradually get rid of them, and by mid-July you need to leave only the top, covering the last filling brush.
At the end of the same month, one should pinchtomatoes to stop their growth. To make the fruits ripe, it is necessary to create a stressful situation for the plant. To do this, you can cut off a part of the roots, thereby reducing the supply of nutrients, reduce watering, do not apply fertilizing. Under these conditions, tomatoes will accelerate the ripening of the fruit.