Drilling rig with your hands: a practical guide. How to make a drilling rig by yourself?
Drilling a well today is quite expensive,which is why not everyone can afford such a pleasure in the country. The final price depends largely on the depth of the object. The more this parameter is greater, the more expensive will be the source of clean and cold water. Nevertheless, the drilling rig with its own hands is made quite simply. Thus, you can make a well not only for yourself, but also for a bit of moonlighting. Let's take everything in order.
Classification of drilling rigs
To date, there are only 4 varietiesdrilling rigs that are somehow used. Some of them are more popular, others are less. For example, the installation, functioning by the shock-cable principle of operation, is the easiest to manufacture. In fact, this is a triangular frame, to which a cable and a bailer are attached.
More popular screw systems. As a working part, the screw is used throughout the process. It is noteworthy that the hole during drilling is not washed with water.
Even more complex in the manufacture of rotary aggregates. They work on the principle of hydraulic drilling, which already complicates the design. There is also a rotary manual hydraulic drilling rig. It's relatively simple to make such an assembly with your own hands, we'll talk about this a little lower.
On the advantages of self-made installations
Of course, there are a lot of plus drillinginstallation, assembled by own forces. First, it is a cost saving. Of course, some of the accessories you will have to buy, but this does not compare with the price of the finished equipment. In any case, you will save about 40-50% of your assets and at the same time gain experience. Secondly, a self-made drilling rig will have the same technical characteristics as a factory-type product. This is a very important point, since you can assemble a completely productive device. Usually the weight of the installation is relatively small, and it can be disassembled and assembled quickly. Along with decent mobility, this will allow you to drill wells even in the most inaccessible areas. As you can see, you take away the merits. Let's move on to the practical part and talk directly about the assembly.
What do you need to get started?
Naturally, that's just so take and doThe drilling rig does not work. To do this, you must first prepare. It is advisable that at the time of assembly you have a minimum experience with welding. This will greatly facilitate your life, as it will not be necessary to attract specialists or acquaintances. Also at hand should be an electric drill and a Bulgarian. For what all this is needed, we will consider it somewhat later.
But this is not the whole list of instruments. It will be difficult for you to do without the device for creating an external thread, as well as the adjustable wrench and the plumbing cross. As a material, we need a galvanized pipe and a ½ inch spiral. A special coating is necessary in our case, since if there is no zinc, the pipe will quickly rust. In this there is nothing good, since its replacement is a very problematic activity. Well, now we turn to the practical part of this article.
The first stage of assembly work
At the very beginning, we need to prepare segmentspipe drilling equipment, which are its main part. Their connection is realized by means of crosses and crosses. In order to avoid any problems, a 2-centimeter external thread is provided at the ends of each piece of pipe. The metal plate is welded to two pieces, it will be the tip. This installation will be effective only if water is continuously supplied to the drilling site. This will remove the ground, and thereby gradually deepen the hole. For water supply, you can use a conventional hose that connects to the hole of the crosspiece. In priority, the connection must be made using a suitable adapter. Well, now let's go further.
Mini-drilling rig with our own hands: we continue our work
At this stage, you should doconnections. It must be ensured that they are durable, since the duration of the drilling rig's operation depends on this. The equipped tip should be connected to the lower end of the pipe, that is, to the one that will be in direct contact with the surface to be treated. The connection should be carried out by means of a drive.
You should have severaltips. This is necessary in order to be able to change them. That is, at the very beginning of drilling the shortest is used, and after we get a hole of 1 meter deep, we put a longer one. In doing so, you should understand that the length of the tip and workpiece is different. Drilling is carried out by rotating the working unit. The rest of the work will be sharpened with a pointed tip and water for you. In general, this stage is quite simple, the main thing is that the connections turn out to be qualitative, and the tips are strong. By the way, the latter need to be periodically changed, as they will break down, get stupid, and so on.
How to make a drilling rig by yourself?
We have already done about half the work. But then the most important and important stages remained. The base of the drilling structure is assembled from a square section profile. By and large this is a rack with the constituent elements of our design. To connect the legs to the posts, you must use a transition platform. It is quite natural that in this case it is problematic to do without welding. If you can, then brew yourself, if not - call someone who does it qualitatively.
The platform and motor are attached to the square profile. The latter is installed on the rack in such a way that it can move along it, that is, it is hinged along the guides. It is desirable that the dimensions of the profile at least slightly exceed the dimensions of the rack. Any small-sized drilling rig, manufactured by hand, must have a suitable electric motor or gasoline engine. Regardless of the type of power element, its power must be at least 0.5 liters. from. This will be enough for the drilling process to proceed normally. It is desirable that there is a possibility to adjust the power, for this an intermediate shaft must be installed between the motor and the working member.
Now we connect the water. Pay attention to the fact that it must be fed to the drill during the entire period of operation. If this is a simple rule not to comply, then the drilling efficiency will significantly decrease. High-performance drilling rigs with a large number of revolutions often imply the presence of water cooling. In our case, this is not necessary, but you need to remove the soil from the well in any case. If you stick to all the above rules, then everything will be fine. In any case, self-made drilling rigs require maintenance and periodic maintenance. With your own hands, you will repair them, change the tip, replace the lubricant in the gearbox, and so on.
Currently, there is a huge numbervarieties of self-made installations for drilling wells. Some of them are really good and have high efficiency, the design of others leaves much to be desired. For example, if you decide to make a drilling rig with a cartridge, then the weight of the latter should be as much as possible. This is due to the fact that they will be drilled. As a billet it is possible to take a pipe 10-12 cm in diameter and 10-20 cm in length. This should be enough for effective work.
Now you know how to make a drillinginstallation by yourself. During the assembly it is desirable to use the popular drawings, which will allow to comply with the dimensions and design features. Your self-made drilling rig will be no worse than any factory, and maybe even better.