Duodenitis is a disease of the mucosaduodenum, which is inflammatory and can manifest itself in a chronic and acute form. As for the chronic form, it is characterized by periodic inflammation of recurrent nature. In this case, a pathological reconstruction of the structure of the area of inflammation may develop. The acute form can be treated much better. With well-conducted therapy, the disease does not cause any pathological changes.
Duodenitis in children and adults is considered one of thethe most common diseases. According to statistics, men are more prone to this pathology than women. The most common is chronic duodenitis, whose treatment requires careful monitoring.
- abuse of alcohol, cigarettes, coffee;
- the use of sour, sharp, smoked, fried food.
Duodenitis arises, the symptoms of which weWe will consider further, as a result of damage to the intestinal mucosa that conducts the hyperacid juice from the stomach. Thus, irritation occurs against the background of increased acidity, and then inflammation.
If we talk about acute duodenitis, its symptomsdo not have a pronounced character. But the lack of treatment can lead to a chronic disease, which will be more severe. That is why secondary duodenitis occurs much more often than the primary duodenitis, whose causes are the following:
- chronic gastritis;
- disturbed blood supply of the duodenum;
- other chronic intestinal diseases.
Often, the cause of secondary duodenitisare frequent digestive disorders. In addition, diseases of the gallbladder, liver, and pancreas can cause changes in the internal environment of the intestine, which will cause duodenitis in the future.
There are different forms of this disease, which occur in different ways. Consider the possible forms of duodenitis and its symptoms.
The acid-regressive form is characterizedbacterial gastritis, which can also be accompanied by ulcerative disease of the duodenum and stomach. In this case, there are painful sensations "on an empty stomach", as well as a few hours after a meal or at night.
If you have frequent violations of digestion and absorption of food, as well as dyspeptic syndrome, in this case it is manifestations of duodenitis in combination with enteritis.
With a form such as duodenostasis pain in the areaintestines will have a bursting, paroxysmal and harsh character. Such pain can only be present in the right abdominal area. You can also feel bloating, rumbling, frequent nausea, a bitter eructation and even bouts of vomiting with bile.
Soreness in the right and left hypochondrium cantestify to local duodenitis. In this case, there is a girdling pain on the background of yellowing of the skin color, as well as common signs of jaundice. In this case, bilirubinemia is found in the blood.
With frequent systematic violationsdigestion, disorders from the autonomic and central nervous system can be diagnosed with chronic chronic duodenitis. This disease is characterized by a violation of the synthesis of enkephalins, secretin, and a number of other gastrointerstitial enzymes, which are of great importance for the digestive system of the body as a whole.
Treatment of duodenitis
Any form of this disease the doctor beginsLiver based on the full results of the tests submitted by the patient. In any case, a diet that is determined individually, is considered a prerequisite for treatment. Also prescribed medication, which focuses on improving digestive processes. Drugs that can cure duodenitis, whose symptoms are described above, are determined individually for each patient.