Ecological education of preschool children
Ecological education of preschool children isthe formation of a correct worldview on the attitude to the surrounding world, to nature, the formation of a clear vital position. To begin to educate the person in this plan follows from an early age.
Ecological education of preschool children is inseparableis associated with the upbringing of other positive traits of character: kindness, responsibility, empathy, diligence, observation, non-indifference. And the first significant step to achieve the goals is to stay in the house next to the baby's pet. The love for them, the need to carry out elementary care for pets, encourage the little man to feel necessary and obligated.
Even if parents do not have the ability to keep inhome next to a certain animal - to teach the child to love nature, to admire her, to respect everything she created, they can and are obliged anyway. To this end, children are taken to zoos, read to them relevant literature, tell interesting stories related to wildlife.
In kindergartens, environmental educationpreschool children is based on observation of the behavior of animals in the "living corner", on feeding them, caring for them. Watching every day the growth of cubs of rabbits or guinea pigs, aquarium fish or birds, kids understand how important it is for a person to protect nature, help it, not harm or destroy it.
Such an elementary example. The boy, in passing, broke a branch of a tree. Clever mom immediately made a comment to him, explaining that it hurt the tree, that the branch is a part of the living organism, that since it grew it means that it needs a tree. The tree tried, extracted from the earth nutrients and water for a long time, so that this branch reached such dimensions. And the kid in one move brought to nothing all his efforts, hurt him, inflicted a wound.
Of course, only some talk does notyou will achieve. Children are practices. Therefore, after the conversation, it is necessary to invite the energetic kid to help the tree (let it not be the same, but to the other), dig up the earth around it so that more air gets to the roots, whiten the trunk to save it from harmful insects, cover up the wounds with the same mildew people.
Everyday ecological education of preschool children is the planting of green onions in a jar on the window, and hanging the feeders in the winter in the trees, and planting flowers in the spring on the lawn in the courtyard.
And even the usual "outing on the nature" can be made not only fun entertainment, but also a useful exercise, provided that adults behave in the forest or the river properly.
The child in this case from childhood will remember that inthe forest can not be littered, it harms living beings: ants, birds, lizards, frogs. It is better not to burn fires in nature, and if necessary, do it with observance of important rules.
The concept of "ecology" in kindergarten can be conveyedto children in the form of a fairy tale of ecological themes, for example, about the fairy-tale kingdom in which ants lived - these amazing friendly workers! And suddenly, in their measured life, a catastrophe occurred: a terrible, cruel monster threw a stick at their castle, killed many residents, deprived them of helpless, newly hatched babies and those still unborn.
Also ecological education in kindergartenincludes interesting large-scale events at the level of the group or the entire children's collective, for several kindergartens or for all children's pre-school institutions of the district or city. It can be "The Feast of Birds", "The Meeting of the Queen of Spring", "The Autumn Ball", a contest of dramatized performances of fairy tales about animals, subbotniks to improve the plots and many others.