Hemangioma of the liver
Hemangioma of the liver is a disease that canleak absolutely unnoticed for the patient and not show any visible symptoms. It arises as a result of pathological changes in small vessels in the organ, which usually begin at an early age. In fact, the hemangioma of the liver is a benign entity that does not cause severe harm to the body. The exception is when the tumor becomes very large. Then there is a high probability of tissue rupture and the creation of internal bleeding.
According to statistics, liver hemangioma is more commonin the fairer sex, and it is found in most cases, absolutely randomly during any surgical intervention. This disease looks like a diverse form of cavity filled with blood. Sometimes the blood in them coagulates, which leads to the formation of thrombi, which then fall into the salt, and then the clots overgrow with a connective tissue. Hemangioma can also consist of several such blisters, connected by thin walls, and their surface is covered with epithelium. Usually such formations do not grow inside the liver, but increase on its surface.
It is not always possible to know what in the bodythe hemangioma of the liver grows. Symptoms of it appear only in case of strong growth. In such a situation, the patient may occasionally experience nausea, vomiting and other disorders in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Also, it is possible to increase the size of the liver with concomitant signs, characteristic of jaundice. When a hemangioma breaks, internal bleeding appears. This can be learned from sudden and sudden pain in the abdomen, while it is almost impossible to touch. This is because the muscles, thanks to the reflexes, go into a state of stress and thus do not allow pressure on the stomach. The obvious symptom of internal bleeding is a sharp pallor, a decrease in pressure and even a loss of consciousness. Like virtually any other benign formation, the liver hemangioma can develop into a tumor with malignant cells, but it happens rarely.
Diagnose hemangioma, especially if it issmall enough, not so easy. Most often it is found during operations or as a result of surveys conducted for other reasons. If the clots formed inside the bladder are impregnated with salts, then they can be seen on an x-ray. To make a more accurate diagnosis, the medical specialist prescribes additional studies, for example, such as CT or MRI.
If nevertheless a hemangioma of the liver was detected,Treatment is usually done only if there are any complications. If the disease does not progress, then just observe it. As a rule, it decreases with time. But if there is even the slightest hint of aggravating processes, then an operation is performed. Also, the surgical removal is subject to a tumor that exceeds the permissible size (diameter more than 5 cm), exerts pressure on adjacent organs, spreads the infection, or can develop into a cancerous tumor.
A feature of the surgeon's work in such casesis that a habitual biopsy is not performed, since it can cause bleeding. As a rule, excision of the tumor is performed, both alone and with a part of the liver. In some cases, the operation is unacceptable. Among such situations - serious concomitant diseases, for example, such as cirrhosis. It is also impossible to operate a tumor when it covers both lobes of the organ. With this option, the whole liver should be removed, which is impossible in principle, since it will necessarily lead to the death of the patient.