Hip joint. Replacement with implant
The hip joint can be compared to the ball jointhinge. It serves to connect the thigh to the pelvic bones. All surfaces of this joint to reduce friction during movement are covered with a layer of cartilage. Exposure to various factors can cause damage to this layer. There are cases when pathology can be eliminated by drug therapy.
However, with extensive damage to the effectivethere is no cure. The only thing that a person can save is an artificial hip joint. Replacement is performed with the diagnosis of "osteoarthritis". This disease occurs due to age-related changes. Pathology is also the result of various injuries or ailments.
Hip joint. Replacement. Indications
The main thing that causes the needendoprosthetics, this is the ineffectiveness of the therapy, as well as the increasing limitation of movements, which is accompanied by pain. Developing osteoarthritis leads to loss of ability to work. Moreover, the disease promotes a sedentary lifestyle. To avoid these consequences, an operation is possible to implant an artificial joint.
Types of prostheses
In the event that a person suffers from the fact thathis hip joint is affected, replacement of damaged parts is the most appropriate method of treatment. The most common was total endoprosthetics. It is made with the replacement of the head of the hip bone, as well as the place of its conjugation with the bone. The service life of such a prosthesis is fifteen years. This operation is most often recommended for elderly patients. The advantage of this method is the additional support that the prosthesis has for weak and fragile bones.
Just a few years ago, a prosthesis was developed,having a shortened leg. This innovation avoids the removal of a large amount of bone during surgery. The prosthesis is inserted only into the upper part of the hip bone. It should be borne in mind that patients suffering from osteoporosis, this operation is not performed.
If a man has a hip joint,The replacement of the cartilaginous layer also gives excellent results in restoring the motor functions. A patient with this technique inserts a cap denture. It is installed on the damaged surface, which is pre-treated. When moving, the head of the implant with its convex part slides along the hollow produced artificially into the bones of the body. Prosthesis made of synthetic material.
Hip replacement. Postoperative period
The duration of rehabilitation, as a rule,is twelve months. With a successful operation, as well as a sparing motor mode, the patient is able to fully restore static-locomotor functions.
Clinics for the replacement of the hip joint, inwhich are endoprosthetics, conduct an initial course of rehabilitation of their patients. It is carried out on an outpatient basis. The medical staff teaches the patient to sit, get out of bed, stand, and walk, without any outside help.
The most important component of recovery is exercise. They should be carried out quietly, slowly and effortlessly. Sharp movements are impermissible.
In the postoperative period, patients shouldobserve certain precautions. It is important not to allow falls and avoid sudden movements that promote dislocation of the head of the prosthesis. During the exercise, it is forbidden to take analgesics.