How does the child see?

The baby's visual organ is formed in the wombmothers before birth, and when the child is born, the structure of the eye is very similar to the eye of an adult. The main distinguishing feature is that the eye of the baby has a lot of immaturity. He will have to undergo many changes on the road to development. In the article we will analyze how the children see the world.

Still at mum in a tummy the child beginsmini-training peephole - already there he begins to open and close his eyes. But on the first stage of development vision comes only when the eyes begin to see light. All major changes in a person occur in the first two years.

As the newborn baby sees

When a child is born, he immediately distinguishes light,The rest of the environment for his eyes is fuzzy, vague - so the world sees newborn children. If the pupil narrows, this reflex action. Initially, the kid sees only black, white colors and shades of gray. The ability to focus vision only acts at a distance of 20-30 cm, which is why it sees very blurry.

Already in the first three weeks of its development, the child begins to distinguish between objects and colors, and a certain base for acquiring visual experience is formed.

In a month the child sees better, he learns to control the eyes, to focus the sight and to follow the objects, to develop coordination of movements under the action of the eye-hand system.

As the developing child sees

In the process of growth, the visual acuity of the childincreases. Already in the time interval from 2 to 6 months the child has the ability to distinguish colors, he begins to actively consider and examine the environment.

At 12 months old the baby can not recognizeonly objects entirely, but also in parts, to search for objects with their eyes, to find the places where the object once lay, that is - to fix the connections between objects. During this period, the child has visual memory.

At the age of two to seven years occurchanges in spatial perception. Further vision develops due to the experience gained earlier in the learning process of the baby. It's great for drawing, painting, cutting and collecting hand-made articles - everything that helps a child to develop playfully.

It is important to remember that a child must undergo a medical examination, even if the parents did not have vision pathologies.

Development of the child's eye

Practice shows that at birthMost children under 3 years of age are hypertrophic refractive - hyperopia. According to medical research, the percentage of such cases is 92.8%. As for myopia and normal vision, 2% and 3.7%, respectively. Therefore, do not worry right away. During the growth of the baby, the vision develops in the normal direction, the cornea and the lens are condensed.

Pathologies in development that can be identified at home

As research shows, several factors can influence the development of the baby's vision:

  • infectious diseases;
  • excessive or prolonged administration of drugs used in diabetes mellitus;
  • hypoxia;
  • influence of lithium chloride and sodium thiocyanate;
  • avitaminosis;
  • diagnostic radiography of pregnant women;
  • hereditary factors.

Observing the growth and development of the child in the first month, parents may notice abnormalities in the growth and development of the baby's eyes. These can be the following observations:

  1. Explicit differences in the size of the eyeballs in the baby.
  2. The dilatation of pupils in the absence of light and constriction by light is a normal reaction. In the absence of such reactions, it is important to consult a doctor right away.

If you have any questions, read an additional article, in which it is described, as the child sees - When the children begin to see.

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