How to flash BIOS. BIOS flashing software
A computer is a rather complex and structured device that requires not only special care and supervision, but also an excellent understanding of its very structure. Due to the unique structure, the PC allows you to perform computational operations, thereby enabling the user to achieve the intended goals. For example, you can easily do research, create documents, listen to music, watch videos, play games and much more.
But there are situations when the computer breaks down. And the real panic begins, even if a person understands some of its properties. There may be a lot of breakdowns, but the most dangerous and unpleasant is a BIOS crash, which can deprive you of the possibility to continue using the computer. To avoid this, it is necessary to update the BIOS sometimes, this will avoid mistakes and troubles while working at the computer. Hence the question: how to flash BIOS? To answer it, it is necessary to disassemble absolutely all the information that relates to this element.In this article, all the necessary data are presented in as much detail as possible, which will make it possible to acquire new knowledge and realize our plans. With this information, you can easily manipulate the most important element of the entire computer system.
What it is?
How to flash BIOS? Before we analyze this question, it is worth a little to plunge into theory and consider what this component represents itself. So, BIOS is the heart of the whole system, which is a technical component. That is, if the processor is responsible for various actions and calculations, then the BIOS is responsible for the operability of the "internals" of the computer (this is the motherboard, video card, ports, hard disk, etc.). If a failure or damage to the BIOS occurs, then probably some part of the computer fails, or it stops working altogether. In short, this element is the connecting core of all computer chips. Thanks to him, the launch hierarchy is built and the correct operation of the entire computer system is monitored. BIOS firmware allows you to protect the "heart" of the system from damage, as well as in critical situations to restore a broken computer with the possibility of its further repair.
What are the functions?
If we analyze the functions, we can say the following: this main element of the system controls the entire working capacity of the computer and builds the launch order. That is, if you remove the hierarchy of the inclusion of the computer components, there will be constant failures. As for the control function, the BIOS ensures the operability of one or another element, as well as prevents breakage in case of failure. The familiar "blue screen" is a consequence of the BIOS, which turns off the device when it fails, so that it does not burn down and can be restored. And to see all this with your own eyes, it is enough to use the Windows pre-boot screen. BIOS setup is a special screen with which almost everyone is familiar. Yes, it is in English, but it doesn’t hurt to understand it without any problems. It is in it - all installations that ensure the performance of the system. Therefore, without knowledge and the need to change nothing there is nothing, otherwise you can personally ruin the system. Setting up the BIOS is needed for those people who understand each of its functions and is able to use all the commands to repair the computer, repair it and further investigate the problem. If you do not know anything about this, it is better not to enter it at all.Let the specialists who will perform any action for the benefit of it, knowing full well all the consequences, do it.
Why do you need firmware?
How to flash BIOS? The answer to this question is simple, you just need to cite as an example a large, but understandable instruction. But is it necessary to do this? What does she bring with her? It turns out that it is necessary to do this, since it is the BIOS firmware that allows you to avoid breakdowns and bring the computer back to life.
Firmware is an update of the system component of the utility. Thanks to it, the shell of the program gets new features and a more refined system that allows you to avoid future breakdowns. It is known that with the first release of equipment, developers sometimes do not notice minor existing problems. But after some time they release special updates to avoid this.
The second useful side of the update is the ability to return to the PC. For example, you worked at a computer, but it suddenly broke down. He refuses to start, does not see the equipment, etc. It is difficult to fix this problem personally,but it is quite possible - just reset the BIOS and install the necessary update, which will bring the computer back to life and make some manipulations, allowing you to restore your equipment. But how to flash BIOS? That is what we will discuss later, consider all possible options and learn about the problems that may arise during these actions. Instructions need to be read carefully and remember the procedure to avoid making mistakes.
What programs can help?
At first it is worth considering which BIOS firmware programs might be suitable. This is where the first problem that many users encounter arises. It is worth remembering once and for all: no programs will be able to flash your BIOS until you do it yourself. Remember, whatever utilities are offered to you, no matter how they guarantee quality, simplicity and flexibility, all this cannot help you, but will only aggravate the situation. The BIOS is the center of the system, which should be exclusively under your control. If someone takes possession of access to it, then the computer will already be impossible to recover. Don't fall for the tricks of a scam!
How to flash the BIOS of the motherboard in the event that there are no programs? True, their purpose is not to flash, but to help you. Such programs include special files and auxiliary utilities from the official website of the manufacturer of your equipment. You need to go to the site, request files for the equipment through a search engine and download them. All this must be done in advance so that you have a backup option in case of breakdown. Although you can use another computer. Then it is these files that will be useful to you, in order not only to update the BIOS, but also to restore the system in case of a breakdown.
How to flash BIOS Asus motherboard? What do you need for Gigabyte equipment? All these questions are irrelevant, since, regardless of the manufacturer, the update process is the same everywhere. How to flash the BIOS of the motherboard with your own hands? There are several effective and efficient ways that we, in fact, consider below. True, they imply the presence of special files that were described above, so it is worthwhile to prepare them first of all in order to avoid misunderstanding.
The BIOS firmware itself is in most cases automatic.This is normal, since the firmware procedure is a rather complicated manual process, so the developers themselves create various software bases that automatically update the base. True, your participation is still needed, as it is necessary to create conditions for the update. There are several ways to update the utility, ranging from the banal use of a bootable USB flash drive and ending with professional equipment called “programmer”.
Update using a flash drive
How to flash BIOS from a flash drive? To do this, it is enough to fulfill the following conditions to achieve success. First, we determine which model your motherboard has. Make it quite simple, just look at the box manufacturer. On the reverse side, the model itself and all components are described in as much detail as possible. If this is not possible, you need to use a universal program called Everest, which allows you to get absolutely all the information about the equipment. It is enough to download the program and run it on your computer, and within a few minutes you will be able to find out absolutely everything.The program is distributed on a paid basis, but there is a trial run for 30 days. During this period it will be possible to collect all the data you need and save them.
Ok, now back to the question of how to flash BIOS from a flash drive. At first, you should have the actual flash drive itself with the expansion of the FAT32 system, so that during the operation there are no failures and errors. Then you need to move the files you downloaded from the official site to it - there should be 2 files with different extensions. One of them has the format "exe" and allows the flash drive to run at boot time and automatically unpack the update file. The second has the extension “bin”, it is the update base itself, which, in fact, will be unpacked during the firmware.
After all the above steps, you need to insert the USB flash drive into the computer turned off and turn it on. Using a special key on the screen, you need to call the BIOS menu (usually by such a key they mean a series of buttons - from F1 to F8 - or “Delete”). You can find out which button allows you to open the BIOS while the computer is booting up;
On the BIOS settings screen, go to the “Boot” tab and select the “Boot Device Priority” submenu. There will be specified the procedure for running your computer hardware. Each piece of equipment is numbered from 1 to 6. It is necessary to choose the priority number 1 and install the “Generic Flash Disk” in it. Once all instructions are completed, you need to restart the computer. When the computer is booted, the BIOS will automatically update, and you can use your computer without any problems and configure it. It is worth considering another option, which allows you to understand how to flash Asus BIOS (a model, however, can be any) without using additional software.
Modern technology does not stand still, so very often you can find universal computers marked "BIOS Dual". Such computers allow you to update the system without preloading and other actions. To do this, just go to the BIOS settings, and the system itself will request an update. It is enough to agree with the proposal - and the utility will automatically update. True, it should be borne in mind that this option is possible only if there is an Internet connection.
I would like to note one more plus of the computer “BIOS Dual”, which is to guarantee its operation.The fact is that in such computers the second BIOS is not used, but serves as a reserve. Therefore, if the working BIOS version fails, the computer automatically restarts, and the backup utility version updates the main one to the factory settings, which, in fact, restores the operating system performance.
How to flash BIOS from under Windows? In this case, everything is much simpler and clearer, however, it will not allow restoring a broken BIOS, which does not allow the operating system to start. To do this, simply launch the file with the “exe” extension directly in the running system. After a brief check of the system, the program will start requesting consent for an update, which you must agree to. The utility will perform all the necessary operations and automatically restart the computer, which will already work on the updated version of the system program. Therefore, before looking for ways to understand how to flash Asus BIOS, it is worth considering this option, as it is the safest and simplest. If your system utility has an updated version of its shell, the program will display a message sayingthat the firmware is not needed.
Upgrading with a programmer
And now we will consider an inaccessible way to restore the utility. BIOS firmware programmer has a feature that is focused use. With the help of this device, you can only restore your computer, but not update it. Therefore, if your computer is broken and refuses to start up, it is enough to use the programmer, and all problems will be solved. True, to get this device is difficult, and it is available mainly in specialized computer services. But if you have it, then assume that there will definitely be no problems with the computer, since you can always restore it. It is worth recalling about another nuance, it lies in the version that the programmer puts. This device establishes only the factory settings when restoring, so after the repair, you should install the new version of BIOS in your own hands in one of the ways discussed above.
And how to flash BIOS on a laptop? Can I use a programmer for this type of computer? Unfortunately, it is impossible to carry out such an operation, since the laptop requires a PCI connector for connection, and in the laptop it simply does not exist.And how to flash BIOS on a laptop in this situation? To do this, it is enough to use the methods that we, in fact, considered: using a USB flash drive or Windows. By the way, the disc can be used as a storage device, however, for this you need to set “DVD-RW” in the launch priority settings. This will allow the system to initially launch a disk with data that was downloaded earlier from the official site of the equipment manufacturer.
Video Card BIOS Update
How to flash video card BIOS? Very rarely, but some users are interested in ways to update the main utility of the video card. It should be borne in mind that such a procedure does not have to be carried out, as the manufacturers either release the working version of the utility in advance, or submit special updates that, in addition to the drivers, also update the BIOS. But if you can not wait to gain new experience and understand how this process occurs, you should be patient, because it is not so easy to implement.
At first you should download the software package that will be useful to you: AtiFlash, GPU-Z, RBE Bios Editor. It is possible to flash MSI BIOS using the same method that we considered above, that is, using a USB flash drive.At first it is necessary to download the files required for the update from the manufacturer’s official website. But before using the program Everest should know your video card model. Once the file is found, it is necessary to compare it with the existing version. In this case, you will need the GPU-Z program, which allows you to get absolutely all the data of the video card and its main system utility. It is necessary to compare the data as accurately as possible and determine whether to update the video card or not (even consider the temperature of the device). If the new data suits you, then you need to move on and tackle the firmware. To get information about the downloaded version, you need to open it with the help of the RBE BIOS Editor utility.
Using the AtiFlash program, you need to write data to a USB flash drive. Then you need to save the files of the existing BIOS. To do this, you will need the GPU-Z program again, after opening the data window, right-click on them and click on the “Save to File” option. This file must be saved to removable media, which will later be needed to roll back the actions taken, so you will need two flash drives.
As soon as everything is ready,You can start the firmware process using the method that we discussed earlier, that is, through priority, set the boot of the flash drive and restart the computer. True, this time the process will not occur automatically, but will require your assistance. After the loading screen appears, a panel for entering data appears in which you need to enter the command "atiflash.exe -p -f 0 new.rom". It will allow the process to start and flash the data of the video card BIOS without any problems and complaints. As soon as the process is over, it is enough to restart the computer and use the updated version already.
The consequence of unsuccessful firmware
What to do if a failed BIOS firmware was implemented? Such a situation is the most dangerous problem that can arise. You should consider several options to solve it.
For example, if failure overtook you when flashing a laptop, then you should try to roll back the changes. This can be done with an additional USB flash drive, on which the factory version of BIOS will be installed. The rollback process occurs in the same way as the firmware itself. If rollback does not help, it means that a programmer is required.However, using it personally will not work, so it's time to contact the service for the provision of professional assistance.
As for the personal computer, the situation here is much simpler. If the BIOS refuses to start, you should resort to using the programmer. If such equipment is not available, then do not rush to contact the service, as the computer has a so-called "battery". If you take it out for a day and then put it back, the BIOS will automatically go to the factory settings, and you can already restore the computer to work.
As for the video card, then the option is possible only with the use of an additional flash drive, which we talked about, considering the way to update the video card. It is enough to roll back the settings of the video card to the version that you had installed. To do this, you need to use the Bios firmware method, however, using an already outdated version, which, in fact, will allow you to roll back the non-working settings you have received. If the process did not give positive results, you will have to contact the service, where you will be restored.
Choose the most appropriate methods and carefully follow all the instructions given, then you definitely will not have problems.