How to open a pharmacy?
If you are reading this article, then you probably had a cry of the soul, which repeated: "I want to open a pharmacy!". This article will help to translate dreams into reality.
Traditionally, the pharmacy business in our country (and indeednot only in ours) is considered to be a family business. But time is passing, and everything is changing: the picture of modern pharmaceutical networks shows us that in fact this industry has long been crammed and filled with private entrepreneurs, very successful, by the way. And here comes the thought: how to open a pharmacy and start earning it? This is exactly what will be discussed in this article.
The first steps to opening a pharmacy
At first glance, it may seem that pharmacies do notcan bring a large income. But this opinion is superficial, and this situation is peculiar only to single drugstores. In general, all pharmacy organizations can be divided into classes:
- Pharmacy points;
- Pharmacy kiosks;
- Pharmacy stores.
There are also companies involved indirect manufacture of drugs according to appropriate prescriptions from doctors. This distinguishes them from the above types of pharmacies, because they all deal only with the sale of finished products.
They differ only in scaleorganizations, as well as, respectively, the list of services provided and the drugs dispensed. Oh yes, it is worth noting that the regulatory requirements for your pharmacy will increase in direct proportion to the scale of the business.
Let's figure out how much it costs to openpharmacy. And it's not just about money, it's a list of what is needed to open a pharmacy, which is quite extensive and does not fit on a napkin. As for the cost of your future pharmacy - we will not give you exact figures, because the difference in the price of various required things in different regions is significant. You can draw conclusions based on the list of required and recognizing a specific price in your planned location of the pharmacy.
You will need a room. The room is not small, following the rules (and laws of the Russian Federation), at least 75 square meters. What does the classical pharmacy include? Following the same mandatory rules, in this area should be placed:
- The production premises (60 square meters) are directly a trading hall, warehouses, premises for receiving and unpacking goods.
- Administrative and business premises (13 square meters) - here it is necessary to arrange the workplace of the management (accountant and director), personnel premises, archive of documents.
- Sanitary facilities (2 square meters) - lavatory and storage space for cleaners.
As you can see, this pharmacy will be a bit crowded. Therefore, the minimum area is far from a panacea - you need something more. Expanding by reducing the area of industrial premises of the same trading hall can not, regulations. Your pharmacy will simply be closed after several repeated checks and accompanying fines.
The first difficulties on the way to discovery
Of course, opening a pharmacy is not so easy. In addition to the tricks with the area of the premises, you have to properly equip them: all premises should be equipped with water supply, electricity, heating, sewerage and, importantly, supply and exhaust ventilation. Required devices for monitoring the air parameters, fire, light and sound and security alarms - all this will cost you a pretty penny. Another requirement is that the pharmacy must be separate from other organizations; all premises should be consolidated into one block.
Before opening a pharmacy, you need tomake sure that the rooms are properly renovated. Ceilings and walls should be finished with only such materials that allow the possibility of wet cleaning in the premises. Of course, no wallpaper or plaster on the walls should not be. The floors of the premises are necessarily insulated. On the floor - linoleum or unglazed tiles, the third, as they say, is not given.
You have already certainly imagined how much it costsopen a pharmacy. The only proper finishing of the premises will cost several thousand dollars. But you will also need special equipment - refrigerators, cabinets, safes for dangerous / narcotic substances. And this is also not cheap - for an average pharmacy the amount for equipment will be about 6 thousand dollars.
And this is still without taking into account the price of the purchase of goods, wages, all sorts of small expenses (signboard, commissions, paperwork)!
Another obstacle to how to open thepharmacy, is the organization of the enterprise itself. Even if you already have enough money to cover all expenses (premises, goods, future salaries), you will first have to perform a number of actions. First of all, you need to get a "pharmacy passport". Then you need a license to trade medications. And the staff in the pharmacy to pick up is not as easy as it seems. It should be noted that all employees, except for nurses (cleaners), must have a pharmaceutical education. In addition, your organization will be managed by a special employee - a pharmacist. He must have a certificate of a specialist and work experience of at least 3 years. As for the selection of the manager - this is a responsible job, because he will draw up the assortment of your enterprise, and therefore, dispose of your funds.
City or village
As you can see, there is not much difference between howopen a pharmacy in the village or in the city. It is important to understand that opening a pharmacy without observing the rules is punishable and not feasible. In general, pharmacy business is very promising and can bring a solid income with the proper development strategy.