How is mastopathy treated? Cystic breast mastopathy: how to treat?
The statistics is relentless, and she informs that today up to 70% of women suffer from a disease such as breast mastopathy, and in the presence of any gynecological pathology, the risk of its occurrence increases to 98%. How to treat mastopathy and how it can threaten, you need to know every woman. Let's try to figure out how to detect this problem in the early stages and what to do next.
Mastopathy - what is it?
Before answering the question of how to treat breast mastopathy, let's see what it is. Everyone knows what a female breast is, how it looks and where it is located. If you dig a little deeper, you can find out that it is formed by glandular (epithelial), connective and adipose tissue. The shape and size of the breasts depend on their ratio. All this mass is permeated with blood and lymphatic vessels.During pregnancy and after its resolution, milk flows to the nipple through the milk ducts from the lobules, where it is formed.
Under the influence of various factors, there is a violation of the physiological ratio of glandular and connective tissue. This is accompanied by seals and the formation of cysts. Fortunately, most often these changes are benign in nature, but, nevertheless, the question of how to treat breast mastopathy, when such changes occur, remains relevant.
Causes of mastopathy
The main reason for causing this disease is a violation of the normal hormonal status of a woman. As a rule, this is due not only to gynecological diseases, but also to disorders of the thyroid gland and liver. Also of great importance is the factor of heredity. If a woman has or had relatives who are suffering from diseases of the mammary glands, then this greatly increases her chances of such a disease.
Also, an additional incentive to be interested in how to treat breast mastopathy is received by smokers who are overweight, have an irregular sex life, are abused by tan women, since these factors also contribute to the development of this disease.However, doctors often do not undertake to pinpoint its cause.
Classification of mastopathy
Determining how to treat mastopathy in women, the doctor first needs to find out exactly what form of this pathology is present in this particular case. The fact is that the concept of "mastopathy" unites more than 50 different forms of this disease. To simplify the diagnosis, it is customary to single out two clinical features. According to the first, these diseases are divided into mastopathy with proliferation (proliferation of cellular tissue) and atypia and without it. In the first case, the prognosis will be more serious, since the presence of atypical cells, of course, does not mean the oncological process, but makes its development quite possible.
According to another clinical sign, mastopathy is also divided into two groups:
In turn, nodal mastopathy (they are distinguished by the presence of only one seal in the breast) are divided into:
In order to make it more clear how to treat diffuse mastopathy (it is characterized by the presence of multiple diffuse seals), it is also classified according to the following features:
adenosis - mastopathy with a predominance of the iron component;
fibroadenosis - the fibrous component prevails;
fibrocystic disease - the cystic component prevails;
Despite the fact that mastopathy, as a rule, does not threaten a woman’s life, she is at risk of developing more serious pathologies, including cancer, on her background. The insidiousness of mastopathy lies in the fact that very few people pay attention to the early symptoms when the disease can be easily stopped. Indeed, only the following “bells” force only a few to guard:
chest pain does not stop in the second half of the cycle, capturing the period of menstruation;
mammary gland increases in size, stifles;
there is a feeling of discomfort, heaviness;
the psychological state of a woman changes - anxiety increases, depressive states appear.
You will agree that only a few women will go to doctors with such complaints, but in the meantime it can save you from the need to wonder how mastopathy is treated in the future.
If the early manifestation stage is missed,more serious symptoms of the disease begin to appear. These include:
persistent severe pain in the mammary glands;
significant breast enlargement in volume and mass;
the area of increased pain sensitivity increases and moves to the axilla;
A turbid fluid that resembles colostrum begins to separate from the nipples.
Particularly attentive to the emergence of such symptoms should be treated women who fall into the risk group. These include:
women who are overweight in combination with hypertension or high sugar levels;
women who did not give birth before age 30 or have a history of multiple abortions;
not breastfed or did it for less than six months;
women who have severe PMS or menopause.
The fair sex members of these groups need to carefully monitor their condition, because the risk of becoming interested in the question of how to treat fibrocystic mastopathy becomes very high for them.
In order to timely detect the first signs of mastopathy, you need to be able to properly examine the breast.This should be done in the first half of the menstrual cycle (we recall that the countdown must be conducted from the first day of menstruation). To ensure the normal state of the mammary glands, you need to carefully palpate them (palpate), paying attention to the seals and painful areas. The examination should also include the underarm area. Having found signs of compaction or painful areas, you should immediately contact a mammologist. There, after examining a specialist, additional examinations will be scheduled to confirm the diagnosis. Modern medicine, in order to determine how to treat fibrocystic mastopathy and its other forms, uses several ways to examine women. Instrumental include breast ultrasound, CT, and mammography.
This examination is today the main method that allows to identify pathological changes in the mammary glands. It is recommended to pass annually to all women over 40 years old. Mammography allows you to identify changes in breast tissue, assess their shape, size and nature of the spread. Despite the high adaptability of the equipment, the results can be both positive and negative, as well as false positive and false negative.Therefore, to make a more accurate diagnosis, an additional biopsy or puncture of the mammary gland tissues is performed. The selected material is sent for cytological examination. This is done in order to exclude cancer and determine exactly how to treat cystic mastopathy. In addition, they conduct studies of hormonal background (the level of thyroid hormones, ovaries, etc.) is determined. In order for the survey to be as effective as possible, you need to follow some rules:
mammography is best done from day 5 to day 12 of the onset of the menstrual cycle;
on the day of the examination it is not necessary to use deodorants, talc and other cosmetics in the armpits and chest area;
If there are results of past surveys, it is best to take them with you.
Cystic and fibrous breast mastopathy - how to treat?
Mastopathy does not apply to those diseases for which a specific treatment regimen can be applied. The fact is that under this definition there is a whole group of benign breast pathologies, and treatment should be administered, considering each case separately.For example, a diagnosis of fibrocystic breast mastopathy may be made. The doctor decides how to treat on the basis of data on the form and extent of the process, endocrine and somatic disorders accompanying it, and the patient's age. Also individually selected and treatment method. When the nodular form of mastitis most often resort to surgical intervention, removing the pathological focus. The removed tissue is then carefully examined to exclude the presence of oncology. Conservative therapy involves the use of hormonal and non-hormonal treatments.
To determine when making a diagnosis of fibrocystic breast mastopathy, how to treat this disease, the doctor prescribes an examination of the patient's hormonal status and, already based on these data, develops a regimen of hormonal drugs.
Most often, progestogens are used in the hormonal therapy of mastopathy, which are able to eliminate the excess estrogen, which is one of the causes of the development of this disease. Drugs in this group can be of both natural (progesterone) and synthetic origin. Women older than 45 years are often prescribed male hormones androgens.On the pharmaceutical market now you can find a lot of drugs in this group, used in the correction of diseases such as mastopathy. How to treat (reviews of these drugs are different) for this ailment, in which dosages to use medications? One thing to remember is that only a doctor is involved in prescribing hormone therapy, since these medicines must be taken in strict dosage and during a certain period of the menstrual cycle.
If the course of the disease does not require surgical intervention, then nothing remains but how to treat mastopathy at home. In addition to the use of hormones, treatment should be comprehensive and aimed at restoring and supporting a woman’s health. Vitamin therapy plays an important role in this. Vitamin A is known to help restore normal ovarian and thyroid function. Vitamin C reduces cholesterol, activates the adrenal glands and the corpus luteum, enhances the synthesis of corticosteroids. B vitamins help to normalize the activity of the nervous system. Depending on the condition of the woman, various courses of taking vitamins can be made.As a rule, the duration of their use is at least 5 months. A contraindication may be an allergic reaction.
In addition to the above medical interventions, in most cases, the prescription of drugs that stimulate the body's defenses is required. These can be various tinctures (ginseng, eleutherococcus). In addition, an important place in the answer to the question of how to treat mastopathy, takes a diet. It is better to exclude chocolate, coffee, cocoa from the diet, reduce fat intake. It is recommended to use more vegetables and fruits, plant fiber, bran. Another important link in the question of how to treat mastitis at home is lifestyle. In order for the treatment to bear fruit, a woman needs to largely rethink her habits. Despite the clogged phrases about the need to get rid of excess weight, give up alcohol and smoking, increase physical activity, all these factors play a huge role both in the development of mastopathy and in its treatment.
How to treat mastopathy folk remedies - the best recipes
Mastopathy is a disease known for many centuries, so it is not surprising that there are many popular recipes for its treatment.They have several undoubted advantages over drug therapy. This and the absence of side effects, and the ability to avoid surgery, and the safety of the recommended means. However, deciding for yourself the question of how to treat cystic mastopathy with folk remedies, you need to follow a few rules:
if there are inflamed areas on the mammary gland, hot poultices and compresses should not be used;
in the presence of moist eruptions it is not recommended to use herbal ointments;
alcohol infusions do not apply to dry rashes.
To prepare the infusion take one tablespoon of flowers of yarrow and motherwort and two tablespoons of the sequence. The mixture is poured in a thermos in 0.5 liters of boiling water and infused for an hour. After that, it is filtered, squeezed and take half a glass before meals in the morning and evening. If there are problems with the stomach, then the infusion can be taken after 30 minutes. after meal. The course of treatment is 6 months. Please note - this infusion can not be taken during pregnancy.
Burdock root (20.0 g) is poured over with 2 cups of boiling water and infused.Take the infusion three times a day, a tablespoon before meals.
A teaspoon of potato flowers is brewed with a glass of boiling water and infused for 15 minutes. Take a tablespoon before meals three times a day.
Burdock for mastopathy
Medicine has long been known to use burdock for a disease such as mastopathy. How to treat folk remedies? Reviews of this plant are often positive. You can use both the leaves and juice of burdock.
- In order to relieve pain, you can put a few leaves at night under a bra. In the morning wipe the chest and grease with burdock oil. Such a procedure not only relieves pain well, but also has an antitumor effect.
- Grated burdock root is mixed in equal proportions with honey and castor oil. The resulting mixture is spread on a napkin, cabbage leaf, burdock or coltsfoot and also applied to the chest at night. The course of treatment is two weeks.
- Good results are shown by the use of burdock juice. Fresh juice is taken a tablespoon three times a day. The duration of treatment is two months.
Many are aware of the healing properties of such a plant as sea buckthorn.It helps from many diseases. Use both the fruits themselves, so their juice and oil, which is squeezed out of them. However, in our case, everything is not so simple. Sea buckthorn fruits are distinguished by a high content of phytoestrogens (female hormones), so the answer to the question of how to treat mastopathy with sea buckthorn oil will be one with caution. With a pronounced hormonal imbalance, the enhanced use of sea buckthorn may not only fail to improve the situation, but also provoke further development of the disease. However, a mixture of sea buckthorn oil (2 teaspoons) with grated carrots, beet juice and a root radioli (ground into flour), according to reviews, gives good results. To do this, it is mixed, laid out on a linen cloth and applied at night to the chest.
It turns out that beetroot also helps with mastopathy. For a compress, it is rubbed on a grater and mixed with floral honey in a ratio of 3 parts of beet to 1 honey. The resulting mass is spread on a cabbage leaf or napkin and applied to the chest at night. In the morning, this compress is refrigerated and used the next night. After that, you need to take a break for 1 night and repeat the treatment. The course is 10-20 three-day cycles. The mixture can be used twice.
Another option to use beet mass for a compress with mastopathy offers 200 g of beet to rub and reheat in a water bath. Mix it with two spoons of 9% vinegar and apply overnight. In the morning to bind the chest with a warm scarf.
Also an excellent folk remedy for the treatment of mastopathy is quinoa. To prepare a mixture for the chest, you need to collect about a kilogram of grass, rinse it thoroughly with cold water and dry. Take the old salted lard (0.5 kg) brush off the salt and cut into small pieces. Lebed also chop and scroll with the bacon in the meat grinder. Mix the resulting mixture and put it in the jar, put it in the fridge. For use, the resulting ointment is laid out in a thin layer on a sheet of paper, heated slightly and applied to the chest, fixed and wrapped with a warm bandage on top. The procedure is repeated within two weeks. The dressing is changed once a day, and after the chest is rinsed with warm water and soap, a new one is applied.
Celandine (warthog) is also successfully used in the treatment of mastopathy. Its effectiveness and antitumor effect have long been confirmed experimentally.The only thing worth paying attention to is that celandine is a poisonous plant, and therefore you should not use it inside. However, it perfectly helps as an external tool. To prepare the ointment, a spoonful of dried herbs is crushed and mixed with two spoons of melted butter. The resulting mass is kept for 10 minutes in a water bath and applied to the chest.
In order to prepare the product from fresh grass, celandine during the flowering period is collected, washed it under cold water and dried. Grass together with the trunks are passed through a meat grinder and squeezed juice. Interior fat is melted and mixed with the juice of celandine in a ratio of 1: 1. The resulting mass is stirred until homogeneous, poured into glassware and stored in the refrigerator. Apply on the chest daily for 4-5 hours, wrapped on top. After the procedure, take a shower.
Undoubtedly, now you can find many recipes for how to treat mastopathy with folk remedies. It is important to remember one thing - they are all good when the diagnosis is precisely defined, and the treatment process is under the control of a specialist. You should not set yourself a diagnosis and self-medicate.By this you increase the risk that time will be lost, and the disease will turn into a more serious form. Before making a decision on treatment with folk remedies, pass the examination and consult with a breast specialist.