How to write personal endings of verbs
What determines the spelling of unstressed verbs? Only on their belonging to the first or second conjugation.
It is not difficult to determine conjugation. There are only two of them. This can be done in different ways.If the verb has an ending in a strongposition (under stress), then conjugation is easy to determine "by ear". We need only remember that the first refers to all the verbs that have the letter "y" or "w" in the third person in the ending, and to the second - those that have the letters "a" or "I"
Sit - they sit, lie - they lie, stand - they stand, scream - they scream. This is the second conjugation.
Write - they write, draw - they draw. This is the first conjugation.
If the personal endings of the verbs do not fall under the stress, then you will have to follow the rule. I will not put it the same way as in textbooks, but a bit shorter.
• So, the second conjugation will include all thoseverbs that end in an infinitive term "-it" (or "-yatsya"), and 11 exceptions, which you will have to learn by heart. I was taught this rhyme in elementary school:
Drive, hold, look and see,
To breathe, hear, hate,
And to offend, and endure, and depend, and twirl.
You will remember, friends: they can not be written in -e!
This conjugation does not include the word "shave" and "lay": they change in type 1 conjugation: shave-shave-shave. Stel - stele - stelut.
• If the personal endings of the verbs contain at the end any other vowel (except "and"), then they enter the category relating to the first conjugation.
Let's try to understand in practice.
The following words are given: write, fly, draw, rock, sit, wear. Since the personal endings of the verbs stand in a strong position (under stress), then we put them in the plural. They write - 1 спр., Fly - 1 спр., Draw - 1 спр., Swing - 1спр., Sit - 2 спр., Wear - 2 спр.
Let's try to determine the conjugation of other verbs: draw, serve, paint, wear, cry, shave. At once we pay attention to a verb "to shave". This is an exception to the 2 conjugations, its endings will be similar to 1 conjugation: shave, shave, shave.
Impersonal personal endings of the verbs "draw","serve" and "cry" end in "-at" and, therefore, refer to the first conjugation. The verbs "to paint" and "to wear" end in "-it." They do not belong to exceptions, so the second conjugation.
Verbs, endings exist in our languagewhich can contain different vowels. They are considered to be multidisciplinary. From the name it can be concluded that the personal endings of verbs of this kind will be different: part - as in the first conjugation, the other - as in the second.
Examples: want - want, want, want, but wants, want.
Bezrezhit - shines, but brezzhut.
Run - you run, but run.
The verb "to torment" is very interesting. In Russian, it can refer to both the first (torment - torment - torture) and to the second conjugation: torment - torment - torment).
It is difficult to determine the conjugation of verbs with a prefix vy. To facilitate the task, this part of the word should be simply discarded.
Example. To sleep - to sleep (the end of the shock) - to sleep - 2 conjugations.
Sometimes verbs of imperative mood,
standing in the second person, are similar in sound to those,which are in the indicative mood (for example, knock and hit). To correctly write or use personal endings of verbs in this case, first determine the inclination. The first verb stands in the imperative, the second - in the indicative. In the imperative, the suffix -u- is written, and the ending of the verb in the indicative mood depends on the conjugation. Define it: knock - hit - uty - 1 conjugation.
As you can see, in a competent choice of endingsdifficulties a bit. You just need to learn the rule, use the algorithm. If you train, then very soon start to write competently, without hesitation.