The Lyubenzh Castle, or rather the former Cistercian monastery, is located in the village of Lubiaz in Poland, 54 km from the city of Wroclaw. (GPS: 51.261857, 16.469460)
01 The first monastery complex was built until 1175, when Prince Boleslav I issued an official charter of foundation at the Grodziec castle.
02 After carrying out drainage works, the monks managed to reclaim the land in the marshy surroundings of the monastery, plow up three fields for crop rotation and smash vineyards.
03 Their efforts marked the beginning of a medieval German settlement to the east, including Silesia.
04 Around 1200, the abbey church was rebuilt, becoming the first brick gothic building in the region.
05 When Prince Boleslav died in 1201, he was buried here.
06 The rise of Lubienz continued under the rule of his son Prince Henry I of the Bearded and his wife Jadwiga Silesian.
07 In 1202, a married couple founded Trzebnica Abbey, which in 1220 became a subsidiary to the Lyubyozhsk Abbey by order of Pope Honorius III.
08 In 1327, the Silesian prince Henry VI the Good recognized himself as a vassal of the King of Bohemia, Johann of Luxembourg, and when he died without male heirs in 1335, his lands, including Lubionj, were ceded to the kingdom of Bohemia.
09 The monastery complex was destroyed during the Hussite Wars and, in addition, the monks were expelled by order of the warlike Prince John II of the Mad in 1492, which turned the abbey into a hunting house.
10 The Cistercians could not return until Jan II retired to Frankfurt an der Oder in Brandenburg.
11 In the 16th century, the abbey clashed with the Protestant Reformation and the inheritance of the lands of the Bohemian crown from the Austrian Habsburg dynasty.
12 During the Thirty Years' War, the abbey was captured and ransacked by Swedish troops in 1638.
13 The abbey patronized German artist Michael Vilmann after his conversion to Catholicism in the 1660s.
14 The Cistercians were expelled from Lübönj in 1810 by order of King Frederick William III.
15 During World War II, secret research laboratories and manufacturing enterprises were housed in the buildings of the former abbey: in particular, for the development of radar components and the production of engines for V-1 and V-2 missiles.
16 At the end of the war, the Red Army soldiers and then the Soviet military psychiatric hospital housed in the building of the former monastery.
17 At this time, the monastery suffered a lot of damage (for example, they heated wood stoves with wooden furniture).
18 After this, for decades he was completely abandoned.
19 Since 1989, the monastery began to be restored.
34 The place is very beautiful and deserted. You can visit only as part of the tour. I was alone, and I had to wait another hour, but no one came. The guide knew only German. They understood each other with difficulty. He showed me two restored rooms: the Princely Hall and the main refectory. For them, I, in fact, drove here.
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