Moscow ring road. The length of the Moscow Ring Road and its history
The Moscow Ring Road is a major automobile highway bordering the Russian capital. For a long time she was the administrative border of Moscow. What is the total length of the Moscow Ring Road? And when was this road built? You can learn about this by reading our article.
Moscow Ring Road - what is it?
It is difficult to find a Muscovite who would not know what the MKAD abbreviation means. However, for guests of the capital and Russia, this word may well be unfamiliar. So what is the Moscow Ring Road?
This word is deciphered as follows: Moscow ring road. Similar ring roads are characteristic of many large megacities of the world. Their main purpose is to reduce the traffic load on the central part of the city.
The ring road circles the whole of Moscow in a circle. Interestingly, for quite a long time the Moscow Ring Road coincided with the administrative boundary of the city.However, in the 80s of the last century, residential arrays, which were located beyond its borders, began to be included in the capital. And today, the road remains the boundary of the city except symbolically.
What is the total length of the Moscow Ring Road - the Moscow Ring? This will be discussed further.
The length of the Moscow Ring Road and other characteristics of the highway
The road, which completely surrounds one of the largest megacities of the planet, needless to say, must have an enormous length. What is the length of the Moscow Ring Road - the ring road of the Russian capital? Let's try to answer this question.
If you believe the sources, the total length of the Moscow Ring Road - 109 kilometers. To be precise, this figure is 108.9 km. True, here in the exact definition of this parameter there is one nuance. The fact is that the length of the outer circle of the ring road will be somewhat greater than the length of its inner circle. Thus, the length of the Moscow Ring Road will be unequal on different lanes of the highway.
In each of the directions of the Moscow Ring Road there are 5 lanes. The maximum speed that can be developed on this highway is 100 km / h. As of 2011, the Moscow Ring Road is able to pass up to 9,000 cars per hour.However, for a large metropolis is not enough. That is why the city authorities have recently planned a large-scale reconstruction of the Moscow Ring Road. In particular, highway doubles will be built, all transport interchanges will be upgraded, and new transport interchange hubs will be built.
The ring road is on average 17.3 kilometers from the geographical center of Moscow.
The history of the construction of the Moscow Ring Road
The process of designing the highway around the capital of the USSR began in the late 30s. However, the plans for its construction frustrated World War II. Therefore, work began only in 1956, and six years later, the movement on the ring was officially launched.
During construction, two bridges were also built - Spassky in 1962 and Besedinsky in 1960. In the early 1990s, a large-scale modernization of the ring highway was carried out.
Ring Road: he or she? How to speak?
Another interesting point regarding the Moscow Ring Road belongs to the field of philology. Many do not know how to correctly speak: MKAD - is he or is she?
From the point of view of logical thinking, since this is the road (she), then the abbreviation should have a feminine gender.However, in society and even in the press, the Moscow Ring Road is very often used in the masculine gender. How do you still need to speak correctly?
In official speech, it is still necessary to use the female gender abbreviations. For example: "The Moscow Ring Road will be reconstructed next year." At the same time, in an unofficial speech it is quite acceptable to use this word in the masculine gender.
Ring Road and Public Transport
In the 90s, during a major reconstruction of the Moscow Ring Road, it was planned that the entire ring road would be covered by bus services. However, this did not happen. Today, about 50 bus routes pass through different parts of the Moscow Ring Road. At the same time, separate segments of the city’s ring public transport are not served at all.
The Moscow ring road is one of the largest and most modern highways in Russia. The length of the Moscow Ring Road is almost 109 kilometers, and in width it occupies ten lanes. Despite this, the road does not fully cope with the traffic load in the capital. And traffic jams have long become a familiar and daily occurrence for the Moscow Ring Road.