Oxytetracycline hydrochloride for animals: instructions for use
Today, the pharmaceutical industry produces dozens of types of antibiotics, each of which has specific characteristics, and has a better effect on one or another group of pathogenic bacteria. But not only people need treatment, but also our smaller brothers. It is worth noting that research is usually carried out on them, and only then does the drug receive permission for further progress. Accordingly, some of them show the best results in the fight against certain illnesses of cats and dogs and become a tool for veterinarians.
Today we consider the features of one of the drugs of this series, as well as instructions. Oxytetracycline hydrochloride for animals is used very often, as it helps with a number of diseases. It is active against a variety of bacteria, neutralizes leptospira and some protozoa (amoeba).The drug is rapidly absorbed and distributed throughout the body, and it is excreted through the kidneys.
If you have animals at home and have turned to a veterinarian, you may already know what oxytetracycline hydrochloride is for animals. Instructions for use describes two dosage forms that are used in international practice:
- For intramuscular injection.
- Solution for oral administration.
The maximum effect is observed after oral administration in approximately 10 hours, and in 14-16 after intramuscular. In addition, your doctor may prescribe a local application in the form of ointments and powders. Oxytetracycline hydrochloride for animals is of little toxic and practically harmless. The instruction emphasizes that excess of the recommended dosages is inadmissible, despite the proved safety.
Choosing a specialist
In fact, we can only talk about one dosage form. It is oxytetracycline hydrochloride powder for animals. The instruction recommends its use unchanged for external use, or it is diluted to a state of solution.The latter, in turn, is used for oral administration or intramuscular administration.
So, the drug is a small crystals that dissolve in water 1: 3. The drug is known among veterinarians. It is very soluble in water and rarely causes side effects, so it is very often prescribed both orally and intramuscularly.
In a number of diseases, the drug shows a good result. Sometimes a doctor at his discretion may expand the list that offers instructions for use. Oxytetracycline hydrochloride for animals has a detrimental effect on streptococci, anaerobes, brucellosis pathogens, influenza and many other pathogens. That is, the scope of application is very wide. Do not forget that this is a serious drug, not vitamins. It can not be used once, necessarily by the course. With frequent appointments, addiction can occur.
- Quite often is the choice for various diseases of the digestive tract. They are diagnosed quite hard, especially in the early stages, so doctors use it for an unclear etiology as well.
- The second group is the infectious diseases of the respiratory system. This includes pneumonia. In animals, it occurs quite often as a complication of viral and bacterial infections.
- Next comes an even wider group of diseases, the essence of which can only be understood by a veterinarian. These are swine erysipelas and listeriosis, horse washes and hoofed rot of sheep, chickens mycoplasmosis, dog plague, as well as a huge list of ailments of fur-bearing animals and birds.
- The last group of diseases is sepsis and peritonitis, infections of the genital tract, inflammation of the mucous membranes. In this case, the solution is used for external processing.
Dosage and application features
How is the prepared solution of oxytetracycline hydrochloride used for animals? The instruction recommends that you take purified water or saline as a base, and novocaine can be used for intramuscular injections. It is important to remember that it cannot be stored in diluted form, it should be used immediately.
The most difficult to prescribe treatment for gentle rodents, fur-bearing chinchilla and hares. Therefore, do not do self-selection of the dosage, and contact immediately the veterinarian, the exact figures will not even give instructions for rabbits.Oxytetracycline hydrochloride for animals is prescribed based on the condition of the animal, its weight and symptoms. Standard recommendation starts at 40 mg per pound of weight. When first used, give 30% of the prescribed dose and observe the reaction. At the first sign of allergic edema, the doctor should take the necessary measures.
In experimental pasteurellosis, the best result was obtained when the drug was injected intramuscularly in rabbits at a dosage of 5 mg per kilogram. Do not forget about the possibility of individual intolerance. The earlier administration after infection, the better the results will be.
Farm animal treatment
- Chickens and other birds are given intramuscular injections of 10 to 40 g per head. This is great for bird pasteurellosis. A three-day course, with the introduction of the drug once a day, provides full recovery.
- Sheep is administered or given orally.
- Cattle receives the drug once a day. First time 6-8 mg / kg. Further dosage can be reduced. Do not forget that depending on the disease, it may vary.
- In sepsis of newborn calves, the drug is given through the mouth.
In severe diseases requiring the mandatory use of antibiotics, it is recommended to use Oxytetracycline hydrochloride for dogs. Instructions for animals involves two methods of administration: oral or intramuscular. This allows you to quickly cure the plague of carnivorous, and the simultaneous introduction of serum avoids the occurrence of complications of upper respiratory tract. The drug is successfully used to prevent secondary infections in dogs with hepatitis, encephalitis.
To date, cases have been recorded and clinically investigated. Sometimes the agent causes dysbacteriosis, as well as disruption in the work of the foreglobe in ruminants. But most often this occurs due to violation of instructions. Therefore, the dosage should be prescribed only by the attending physician, based on the medical history and condition of the pet. It is highly undesirable to combine with other drugs, especially actibiotics of other groups, this is further emphasized by the instructions. Oxytetracycline hydrochloride for animals is used until stable results are achieved, the minimum course of treatment is 3-5 days.If necessary, the course may be extended, but it must be confirmed by laboratory tests.
As a rule, they are not observed, but in rare cases there may be an individual reaction, which the instruction warns about. The substance oxytetracycline hydrochloride for animals is easily introduced and does not form an abscess at the injection site. In recommended doses, it is usually well tolerated. However, allergic reactions and dysbiosis can be observed. Sensitive animals are prescribed adrenaline and antihistamines, calcium, and in some cases corticosteroids.
This is, first of all, hypersensitivity to tetracycline drugs. Not recommended for violations of the heart and liver, and is not used during pregnancy. It is forbidden to simultaneously appoint with penicillin. For the rest, be sure to consult with your doctor. The duration of the course and daily dosages depend on many factors, therefore, the instruction should be taken only as informational information. In parallel with the antibiotic prescribed drugs that help to normalize the work of the intestine and restore the microflora.