Ridge Achishkho - the wettest place in Russia
Planet Earth is very diverse in climatic conditions. Not only the temperature of the air, which varies seasonally, but also the amount of precipitation is different. Precipitation also varies with the seasons and changes in atmospheric pressure. In the area of the cyclone is always low atmospheric pressure. It decreases when climbing mountains: it rains more often here.
The wettest air in Russia
What is meant by the term "wet place"? If relative air humidity matters, then Ushakov Island is considered to be the wettest place in Russia, where fogs are frequent, and air humidity that is usual for an area is 90%. Rainfall on the island is not much - about 400 mm per year. For comparison: in Moscow, the average annual rainfall is about 700 mm.
The rainiest place in the Russian Federation
Where is the wettest place in Russia, given the amount of precipitation? For example, there are not many such wet places around the world.More than 3,000 mm of precipitation a year falls on the section of the Amazon River Basin, on some islands of Oceania, in the southwestern part of Africa, above the equator.
This is the wettest place in Russia, where the average annual rainfall is above 3000 mm, is only one. This is the ridge Achishkho, which is located in the mountains of the Caucasus. It is located on the territory of the Caucasus State Natural Biosphere Reserve. Tourists love to visit the wettest place in Russia. The entrance to the reserve trail leading to the top of Achishkho is free. Everyone can plunge into the beauty of nature of the famous reserve.
Flora and fauna of the Achishkho ridge
Of course, due to the presence of such an abundance of precipitation in the form of rain and snow, the territory has its own moisture-loving flora and fauna. The vegetation of the slopes of the ridge is represented by deciduous forests. From trees dominated by beech. In the northern part of the slope - fir. The tops of the mountains are covered with snow most of the year. In summer, subalpine meadows are rich in tall grasses and flowers.
Due to the large amount of precipitation in the territory of many lakes and waterfalls, which also decorates the area.
Representatives of the animal world of the region of the Western Caucasus: tour, chamois, roe deer, brown bear, wild boar, bison. Of the birds in the mountains inhabit the Caucasian black grouse, ular and many others.
Wet Range Neighborhood
With a decrease in altitude above sea level, precipitation falls rapidly. The nearest urban-type settlement is located 8 kilometers from the Achishkho ridge. Here, in Krasnaya Polyana, the average annual rainfall is about 2000 mm. Whereas on the top of the ridge itself - 3200 mm. There is no more such a wet place in Russia and the CIS countries.
Why is there a lot of rain in the mountains
It is in the mountainous areas located places with the highest rainfall. In the mountains there are areas with the least amount of moisture. The reason is that the mountains are an obstacle to the movement of air masses. There are always windward and leeward sides in the mountains. On the Achishkho ridge, the windward side is the western part, to which cyclones come from the Black Sea all year round. This is the wettest place in Russia. The air rises up the slope, cools and condenses out as rain or snow. On the opposite leeward slope, the precipitation is much less.
Mount Achishkho has a height of 2391 m. On the ridge and its surroundings is a humid type of climate.The wettest place in Russia is the Achishkho range itself. The climate in the mountains changes in the direction of the high-altitude zone. As each kilometer rises, the air temperature drops by 6 degrees. It is in the upper regions that rains, heavy rainfall and heavy snowfall are frequent. While closer to the top of Achishkho are dark clouds, there are often cloudless skies over more flat areas.
As travelers write, it is better to visit the wettest place in Russia early in the morning when the weather is still sunny. By lunchtime, the air heats up, clouds are gathering. Thunderstorms can be dangerous with their power. In winter, heavy snowfall. The height of the snow cover in the wettest place in Russia is also surprising, it can reach 6-7 meters. This is because not only in summer, but also in winter, precipitation is abundant on the territory of Achishkho, which distinguishes the locality by type of climate from monsoon regions.
The Achishkho range is located in the western part of the Caucasus Mountains, in close proximity to the Black Sea. Warm moist air masses do not encounter serious obstacles on the way to the ridge. Achishkho - the first high obstacle in the movement of moisture to the east.A warm cyclone, rising up the slope of the mountains, is cooled. The percentage of moisture in the air increases as the temperature decreases, the water molecules condense. As a result, heavy droplets are formed that make up the sediments. Moreover, in the mountains, not only does the air cool, but the atmospheric pressure drops as well, which also has a favorable effect on the preservation of rainy weather. And the western location of the Caucasus also affects the climate of the area. Close to the Achishkho Ridge is the warm Atlantic Current, which also raises the temperature of the surrounding air. It also increases rainfall in both summer and winter.