St. Lawrence River: how to get there? A photo
The St. Lawrence River occupies an honorable place among the largest bodies of water in North America. The waterway connects the continent to the Atlantic. The mighty water flow not only unites the territories of the United States and Canada, but also has important economic significance for their inner regions and has a rich hydropower potential.
The area where the St. Lawrence River is located is the cradle of French Canada. The territory is famous for the largest reserves of fresh water on the mainland. It is here, in the northeast of the continent, begins one of the greatest and deepest rivers in North America.
Its pool covers a large waterway across the expanses of the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario. From the furthest source - in the US states of Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Michigan, New York and Wisconsin. Its course lies on the territory of the seismically active zone, where earthquakes occur up to five on the Richter scale.In the relief of a large reservoir a huge number of underwater rocks and rapids. The activity under the river is particularly prominent, where the flow process is associated with the movement of tectonic plates. The length of the water body is about 1,200 km and passes between parallels 44 s. sh. and 48 s. sh. in the western hemisphere of the planet. The reservoir pool has 60 tributaries.
It is the most populous region of Canada, where leading agricultural and industrial sectors have been formed in the valley. The largest tributaries of the hydrological site are the Ottawa and Richelieu rivers.
Stretching in the latitudinal direction, the St. Lawrence River is completely located in a temperate climate zone with pronounced seasons. The average temperature in July is +21aboutC, in January +4aboutC. Summer is not hot, rainy, winter is cold, with unstable weather and heavy snowfall. A sharp change in atmospheric pressure leads to the formation of strong storms.
The power of the hydrological object is mainly rainwater, supplemented by snow type. The regime of the reservoir depends on the season, the amount and types of precipitation.In the summer, they are 1250 mm. The lowest water level in the river (low water) is in the month of May. It freezes in Saint Lawrence in the winter between the cities of Canada, Quebec and Montreal.
The discovery and study of the hydrological object belongs to the French travelers and traders of the XVI century. The championship is one of the discoverers of Canada - Jacques Cartier. Thanks to the persistence and determination of the French colonizer, the St. Lawrence River and the bay of the same name were described and mapped.
The water artery was opened on June 9, 1534, and officially the toponym received the name of the saint on the day of its celebration on August 10, 1535. After three expeditions to thoroughly study the shoreline of the reservoir, the process of colonization of the territory began. It was Jacques Cartier who first discovered the water artery of the great North American state of Canada. The St. Lawrence River became a symbol of European exploration of the central regions of this country and the cause of discord between France and the United Kingdom.
The mighty stream of water is not just the main artery of the country, it’s beautiful canyons, islands, and rugged coastal fjords. It’s known where the water flow goes, but where the run begins, opinions diverge.The most common version is that the object forms a broad channel from Lake Ontario. The smallest reservoir of the Great Lakes system gives life to a new geographical object, and it is the St. Lawrence River.
Who discovered the coordinates of the source - a controversial issue, but they are 44 ° 11′06 ′ ′ with. sh. and 76 ° 33′03 ′ ′ h. Since the Great Lakes is a huge freshwater system connected by short rivers, hydrologists take the beginning of the St. Louis River as its source. Therefore, the length of the reservoir increases and is more than 3000 km. At different parts of the current, the water body changes its name corresponding to the terrain and relief. Cascades of lakes and islands make the giant river especially interesting, attractive and mysterious.
The mighty and deep river of the St. Lawrence is looking for a way out in the Atlantic Ocean, forming one of the longest mouths of the planet with coordinates 48 ° 02′16 ′ ′ with. sh. and 69 ° 34′27 ′ ′ h. e. By the bay, it cuts 130 km inland and is located entirely in Canada. On the way to the ocean, the slope of the river in terms of drops, changes the relief of the bottom of the reservoir, which leads to the formation of branches, river islands and canals. The indentation of the banks of the mouth is associated with the ancient glaciation of past eras.With the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the mouth connects behind the capital of the Canadian province of Quebec with the same name. This is not only a unique natural structure, but also an important shipping channel.
Flora and fauna
The pond is so unusual with the diversity of the animal and plant world that it is considered one of the most unique. Not on every river you can admire the blue whales, their relatives - whales and belugas. St. Lawrence is rich in Atlantic sturgeon and lake salmon, cod, haddock and trout. The river is home to hundreds of species of small fish, about 12 representatives of aquatic mammals, more than 300 species of birds. For a close acquaintance with the fauna of the object, you can watch the documentary "Salmon from the St. Lawrence River". The film allows you to see beautiful landscapes, learn about the life problems of the local population.
The coastal zone of the river is covered with grass vegetation, and the entire path of the reservoir to the sea is accompanied by coniferous and deciduous forests. At the mouth of the river grow fir, black spruce, cedar, American larches, thujas. In the middle course, sugar maple, chestnut, birch, aspen stand out.
St. Lawrence River: how to get there?
You can visit a unique natural creation by breaking a distance of 7510 km by plane. From Moscow to New York with a transfer or immediately to Canadian Toronto, spending 9 hours of time. The flight is operated by Aeroflot, Transaero and Delta Airlines. But it should be remembered that the time difference between cities is 8 hours, and the reservoir is far beyond the ocean.
Upon arrival in Canada, you can reach the facility by land transport excursion directions. But tourists will get the most vivid impressions by making a water trip. What is interesting about the St. Lawrence River? How to get to the final destination of the planned route? What to watch out for and what to travel - choose only the tourist. The most important thing is that any type of transport can deliver to the most interesting places of the great river uniting two powerful countries.
The St. Lawrence Pond is the pearl of the natural world of Canada. Those wishing to get acquainted with a unique natural object, a regular river cruise will help to penetrate into the very heart of the Great Lakes.It gives an opportunity to get not only informative information, but also new impressions.
And what emotions causes a visit to the Canadian National Park "Thousand Islands"! A picturesque place on the shore with its legends and the divine beauty of virgin nature, where the St. Lawrence River flows. Photos taken as a memento will long delight, elevate mood and resurrect vivid moments from the life of the Iroquois Indians.
Tourists will get unforgettable impressions by visiting the first National Park protecting marine creatures - Sageneya-St. Lawrence A great place to learn and learn about the life of whales, dolphins, birds - blue herons, herring gulls. Across the riverbed, tourists are accompanied by islands, where you can admire castles, unusual houses, park landscapes.
The main feature of the river is a system of canals connecting the lakes all the way. This enables ocean vessels to move to the interior of the country to Lake Superior. Thanks to such engineering structures, a water body can rightfully be considered the most navigable body of water in North America.