The coat of arms and flag of South Africa: meaning and description. Historical flags of South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is located at the very edge of the African continent. with a difficult history, surviving the colonialists, local wars and apartheid. Now it has as many as three capitals and eleven official languages. What do the emblem and flag of South Africa represent? What features of the state do they reflect?
The southernmost country in Africa
Information about the location of South Africa is already laid in its name. The country is located in the southernmost area of the mainland. It borders with Mozambique, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Namibia and maintains the State enclave of Lesotho on its territory.
This is the richest and most developed country in the continent. She has a huge resource potential. Diamonds, gold, zirconium, chromites, vanadium, asbestos, uranium, nickel and other minerals are mined here. Valuable tree species are growing in the country, such as eucalyptus, Cape Lavra, black and yellow trees.South Africa is developing fisheries, winemaking and tourism.
Because of the wealth of the country, it has long been the object of wars and strife, residing in the Dutch and English colonies. In 1948, an apartheid regime was established in the country that discriminated against and deprived almost all of the rights of the black population. The regime finally stopped only in the 90s. The UN organization, Nelson Mandela, Steve Biko and others participated in the fight against him.
Coat of arms of South Africa
The view of the coat of arms of the republic is somewhat unusual. Most of the composition is not on the shield, but around it. The shield itself is painted beige and bordered with a strip of red ocher. In the center of it are two people greeting each other. They symbolize the inhabitants of the country and call for their unity.
The phrase “! Ke e: ixarra iike” in the extinct language Tsakh also speaks of unification. It is written in white on a green ribbon and located at the foot of the shield. On each side of the ribbon peeking out two ivory tusks. They signify wisdom and eternity, as well as inner strength.
Closer to the shield, from its two sides, are wheat ears. These are symbols of the fertile lands, and with it the development of the country.Above the shield there are crossed spears and maces, meaning protection and readiness to fight for the state.
Above the weapon is one of the symbols of the Republic of South Africa - the protea flower. Above is a pectoral of nine triangles of green, orange, black and red. At the bottom there are five, then three, and at the very top one is red.
The composition is crowned with a secret-bird with its wings wide open and an image of the rising sun above its head. Bird means fast growth and development. Vzmyvaya over the coat of arms with its wings wide open, it tends to the sun, symbolizing the hope for the revival and prosperity of the state.
Flag of South Africa: photos and description
The modern flag was approved in April 1994. He was introduced just before the decisive events for the country — the first free elections in its history that ended apartheid. On 10 May, the flag of the country of South Africa was raised during the inauguration of Nelson Mandela.
To create it made a lot of effort. To this end, attracted more than 7 thousand people. On the development of the flag of South Africa worked as inspired amateurs, and professional artists and herald masters. Participation took even politicians.In the end, from the multitude of ideas, the work of Frederick Brownell and Theo Stilianides earned the greatest trust.
So what is the flag of South Africa? It consists of six colors: white, red, yellow, green, blue and black. A black triangle starts right from the shaft. It is framed by a thin yellow stripe. Then follows the green line about three times thicker than the yellow. It also frames the triangle, but from the top it starts to turn into a line that divides the flag of South Africa horizontally.
A thin white stripe follows the outer contour of the green. Thanks to them, trapezium formed below and above the flag. In the upper right (from the pole) corner, the trapezium is turned upside down and painted red, in the lower right corner there is a blue tint at the trapezium.
The flag of South Africa is the most colorful in the world. The same number of flowers contains only the informal banner of the overseas territory of France, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.
The flag of the Republic of South Africa has many interpretations and justifications. The main idea embodied in it is a call for the unification and reconciliation of the inhabitants of the country. So, blue, white and red are the colors of one of the previous flags of the republic.They personify its white skin population.
Black, yellow and green, as it were, pierce or enter it. This is the banner color of the party of the African National Congress, ruling since 1994. It was she who fought for the rights of blacks and achieved an end to apartheid on the territory of the state.
Each color of the flag of South Africa personifies a certain part of the population of the republic. For example, blue was present in the symbols of the colony of the Netherlands, the Orange Republic and Transvaal. Therefore, it is associated with the Boers - the descendants of the Dutch, who arrived here in the XVII century. Red refers to the English-speaking residents - the descendants of the colonists from the UK.
White color personifies all other Afrikaners - white inhabitants of the country. The black population is indicated by a black triangle. The yellow line means all Indians living here. The green line symbolizes the descendants of mixed marriages and at the same time Islam, which confesses most of them.
Wars have been waged repeatedly for influence over the territory of the republic. In addition to fighting local tribes and nations, Great Britain and the Netherlands fought among themselves.So, the first Dutch (and European in general) colony in South Africa was called the Cape. Her flag consisted of three horizontal lines of blue, white and orange.
The symbol of the Transvaal colony had stripes of blue, white and red. The pole had a vertical green line. The banner of the Orange Republic consisted of six bands of orange and white colors alternating with each other. In the upper left corner was the flag of the Netherlands.
Great Britain gradually won over or simply annexed the Dutch colonies. Their flags were blue. In the upper left corner was a miniature banner of Great Britain, at the bottom right an emblem corresponding to a certain colony. Later, the blue background changed to red and was displayed on the modern flag of South Africa.
In May 1910, the Union of South Africa was formed as the dominion of the British Empire, which included all the colonies of England and at the same time the former Dutch lands. From 1928 to 1994, a flag of three horizontal bands: blue, white and red acted on the territory of the Union. In the central white stripe was the image of the flag of Great Britain, the Orange Republic and the Transvaal.
The flag and emblem of the Republic of South Africa are the national symbols of the country. Each figure, color on them has its own rationale and meaning. The national emblem speaks of its wealth and dignity, reports aspirations and main ideas.
The flag of South Africa combines the pages of its past and the events of the present. Like the coat of arms, it symbolizes the equality of the inhabitants of the republic, calls them to unity and reconciliation.