The norm of hemoglobin in a child and adult
Hemoglobin is a complex protein found inthe composition of erythrocytes. It is divided into two parts: protein and iron compounds. Atoms of iron, which are an integral part of hemoglobin, are responsible for the rich red color of the blood. The most important component of blood is also responsible for the movement of oxygen from the alveoli of the lungs to all organs. Without oxygen, the oxidative reactions of the body will be difficult, therefore it is impossible to overestimate the importance of hemoglobin in human life.
Allocate different forms of hemoglobin. For example, an analysis of the level of glycosylated hemoglobin in the blood shows how much a person is susceptible to such a disease as diabetes. People with this ailment need to donate blood four times a year.
Conducting a blood test for the level of hemoglobin of newborns (or fetal hemoglobin), which is normal in adults should not be, you can identify cancer and other diseases.
The norm of hemoglobin in an adult
Good levels of hemoglobin in the bloodwomen, men and children are significantly different. For example, for men the rate varies from 135 to 160, for women from 120 to 140 g / l. In the blood of men, hemoglobin is much more than in women.
Lack of hemoglobin (even if the indicatorinsignificantly differs from the norm) can lead to hypoxia and poor health. The cause of lowering its level may be anemia. With this disease, a person feels a breakdown, general lethargy, irritability, decreased immunity. If you feel any symptoms from the above, we advise you to take a blood test (general).
The norm of hemoglobin in a child
Norms of hemoglobin in children of different agesare significantly different. Therefore, it should not be surprising if the same indicator in infancy will be regarded as low, and at a later age as normal.
The norm of hemoglobin in a child under the age of one yearlowered and this is considered a good indicator. But, for example, immediately after birth, the indices are 145-220 g / l. Later, there is a sharp decline. Hemoglobin in infants at the age of several months is 90-140. Most often, the indicators of a healthy baby stop at 110-120 and raise them is not necessary, because at this time the circulatory system is only being formed. Moreover, one should not raise them artificially, with the help of medications. The norm of hemoglobin in infants is not much different from the indices in 2-4 years, but despite this, it is at this age that the foundations of the immune and other systems are laid. It is not worth risking and undermining the health of the baby, trying to change the numbers for no good reason.
At the age of 7 to 15 years, the body is not formedless active. At this time, the optimal level of hemoglobin increases and varies from 115 to 155. Until 18 years, young men and girls are formed completely, and closer to adulthood, the norm of hemoglobin in a child becomes the most identical adult, that is, from 120 to 160 depending on sex and other physiological characteristics .
Norm of hemoglobin of pregnant women
During pregnancy, the indices decrease, this isis associated with changes in the body of the future mother. The blood begins to circulate more actively, its volume increases, and the concentration of hemoglobin in it decreases. Also, the iron necessary for us to maintain the norm is actively consumed not only by the mother, but also by the child, and it is quite difficult to replenish the reserves in sufficient quantities. The norm of hemoglobin for women waiting for the baby varies from 110 to 150. This figure is rather blurred, so to determine the individual rate it is better to consult a specialist and in case of what to drink the course of the necessary vitamins. For pregnancy to proceed well, and the norm of hemoglobin in a child who just appeared, did not deviate from acceptable, watch your diet and lifestyle for nine months.