What is the bourgeoisie, and what place does it occupy in the life of modern society?
No one knows for sure who coined the term. However, it is described in many books, and the bourgeoisie found a special place in the books of the famous ancestor of the communist ideas Karl Marx. This class is distinguished by a universal, almost groundless, hatred. To belong to him is both a privilege and a punishment. What is the bourgeoisie, we now find out in the article.
A bit of history
As mentioned, the most famous usage term is Karl Marx. In his writings, including the book Capital, he zealously debunked the personality cult of a typical bourgeois. In his subjective opinion, this is a person with a certain type of property that is capable of generating profit. Often it is the owners of production, manufactories, factories. The profit of such a person is entirely dependent on wage labor.And in the interests of the bourgeoisie, to lower the wages of a worker, for the sake of their own enrichment.
According to Karl Marx, the bourgeois come to self-destruction due to their own ambitions and initially misplaced priorities. For low wages of their own labor, the worker will not produce high results, and life half-starved will lead to the loss of valuable personnel.
The power of the bourgeoisie
Possession of benefits makes such people one of the most influential people in the state. The structure of society, in which the powerful rich people are called "plutocracy". When this occurs, the impoverishment of the lower classes, and at this expense the upper enriched. The middle class in plutocracy is practically absent. Very similar to the People’s Republic of China, where the cost of labor per hour is extremely low. This explains the economic growth of the country.
What is the bourgeoisie, to say in one sentence is impossible. They form their profits at the expense of their own economic efficiency. Bourgeois, or as they were affectionately called, - bourgeois, first of all, the owners of capital. Thanks to the realization of which they receive income in monetary terms.They are engaged in trade or credit and financial activities. In essence, this is the current private entrepreneurs.
Bourgeoisie - definition
This is a class of industrialists. As a result of the global changes of the 16th - 20th centuries, they gained considerable influence. Properly using their means, the bourgeoisie is able to influence state policy. In the economic sector, they occupied one of the key places, thanks to the accumulation of equity capital through sales.
What is the bourgeoisie in the 21st century?
The class of owners contributed to the construction of a market economy built on the principles of competition between companies. It was the bourgeoisie, together with the politicians, who introduced liberalism into the present world. They can be called the engines of progress. They completely supplanted the feudal system, as it prevented them from trading among themselves. Contributed to the democratization of society and the industrial revolution.
In all countries of victorious socialism, the bourgeois class was completely annihilated. For example, at the beginning of the history of the Soviet Union, in the methods of extermination, revolutionaries did not fantasize much, shot property owners, sometimes released them on the security of property.And those who did not want to part with it voluntarily were sent to distant frontiers to develop the Siberian lands.
Bourgeoisie in the Soviet Union
After the collapse of the USSR, the disappeared class decides to return. In the process of the collapse of the country, enterprises were closed, and the price of land for "their" in price did not exceed a loaf of bread. Entrepreneurial people bought the most valuable enterprises, incidentally “sawing” the country's budget and sharing their earnings with politicians who helped to buy the factories.
At the present moment they are the richest segment of the population in Russia. And what the bourgeoisie is, everyone in the country knows. Some of the population just works in their enterprises.
Everything that moves humanity forward is good. One of these engines is the bourgeoisie. Abstracting from the imposed stereotypes and taking advantage of real facts, we come to the realization that the world we know is created by the bourgeoisie. They were the ones who opposed feudalism, carried out an industrial revolution and introduced democracy in most countries. But humanity should not stop at what has been accomplished, it’s time to move to a new stage of development.And this means a transition from competition to cooperation.