What is the UN: history and functions of the organization
Before answering the question about what isUN, it would be useful to look into the history and trace the prerequisites for the creation of this structure. Already at the dawn of modern times, European states attempted to build a parity system of international relations, in which the interests of large and small continental states would be taken into account. Such attempts were directed, first of all, toreduction of tensions in international politics andprevention of military clashes, so that conflicts can be resolved through dialogue and negotiations. Time has shown that their own state interests are often higher than peaceful aspirations. Thus, the desire for colonial redistribution led to the First World War.
After 1918 it became obvious that the worlda permanent all-planetary arbitration is necessary. The first attempt to create such an international organization was the League of Nations, formed in 1919 as a result of the Versailles-Washington accords after the First World War. The main task of the League of Nations was proclaimed the prevention of military clashes in the whole planet, the reported disarmament of the leading world powers, the settlement of conflicts through peaceful diplomatic negotiations. However, the next two and a half decades have demonstrated that this organization clearly can not cope with its tasks. Extremely large-scale World War II and the events that preceded it showed that the League of Nations has no real levers of power other than appeals, and is not capable of appeasing aggressors. As a result of negotiations, it was dissolved on April 20, 1946.
So what is the UN: the functions of the organization
The United Nations has become a kind ofsuccessor to the League of Nations. It was created as a result of the postwar negotiations on October 24, 1945 in San Francisco. The founders of the UN have become 50 states. Later, signing the protocol, membership in the UN received and the Polish Republic.
Speaking of what the UN is,determine its main functions. In comparison with its predecessor, the UN expanded its own interests. In addition to maintaining and strengthening peace on the planet, maintaining friendly relations among nations, the UN mission is to promote comprehensive economic, cultural and social development in the world. Particular attention is paid to supporting lagging regions, for example in Africa and Asia, in economic, educational, healthcare and other areas.
What is the UN: the structure of the organization
The United Nations has to coordinate its activitiesseveral branches of power. Thus, its main organs are: the General Assembly, which has parliamentary functions, the Security Council, which is in charge of the executive branch, the International Court of Justice and the Economic and Social Council, which regulate issues in their respective spheres. And finally, the UN Secretariat, which is entrusted with administrative functions. In addition, there are a number of distinctive affiliated organizations, such as the World Health Organization, UNESCO (contributes to the development of education in the world and the preservation of cultural world heritage), the International Labor Organization and others.
Today the organization has its own information centers and representative offices in most countries of the world. Also, there is the UN information center in Moscow.