Where giraffes live: continents and countries, lifestyle features and interesting facts
Stately, amazing, tall and unusual animals - giraffes. They got their name from the Arabic - “bunch”. So in Africa, where giraffes live, people called them for their appearance, which combines similarities with several other animals. Neck and head - camel, tiger skin, like a gazelle - horns, teeth - like a cow. The Arabic name indicates where the giraffes live. They can be easily added to the list of preserved symbols of the “Black Continent”. Africa is the only continent where the giraffe lives, unlike elephants.
Giraffes in their lifestyle do not live in herds. By this they differ significantly from representatives of other ungulates. Occasionally they form groups (mostly females), but they are not strongly attached to each other. They are completely herbivores, and this depended on where the giraffes lived before the development of human civilization. In ancient times, they mostly settled the north of Africa.Even in the times of ancient Egypt, their numbers, according to archaeological finds, were quite high. But even during the existence of this ancient state, his subjects literally eradicated giraffes.
Today, the tallest animals live in the arid regions of Africa. Since they are great admirers of the leaves of acacia, they settle where these trees grow in significant numbers. They prefer to dwell on the savannah plains, where acacia is always enough.
From the territory of residence depends on the type of giraffes and pattern spots. In the 20th century, their range significantly decreased. Now these great ungulates are forced to settle in reserves and national parks of African countries.
Most of the Ugandan giraffes are concentrated in Murchison Park, as is already clear from the name of the animal, in Uganda. Males of these individuals reach 5.5 meters in height, and weigh a ton or more. They are also called the Rothschild giraffe. The Ugandan ungulate has large brown spots of various sizes, different in shape from other species. It is found not only in Uganda, but also partly in Kenya, along with other types of giraffes.
This species of giraffe lives in eastern Sudan and in western Ethiopia. And more specifically - in the national park of Eastern Sudan (on the border with Ethiopia) Dinder. Its area is 16 acres. Tourists are advised to visit the park on their off-road vehicles from January to April, when there is the most comfortable weather here.
The only country where this giraffe lives is Chad. However, due to the fact that individuals are sometimes found on the border with Niger, many sources attribute the habitat of West African giraffes and this state. Now they are on the verge of extinction. As, in fact, the Angolan subspecies.
As the name implies, it is common in the territories of the Masai tribe - in Kenya and Tanzania. The governments of these African states protect giraffes, as well as other wild animals, by giving them protected areas such as the Masai Mara and Serengeti reserves. By the way, local tribes are helping the Kenyan government to watch some animals from Masai Mara. They closely monitor that the poachers do not eradicate the remaining individuals. Also in Kenya is found a reticulated giraffe, so named because of the color, which is distinguished by thin light stripes, creating a kind of mesh on the body of the animal.
This subspecies of giraffes chose a territory for themselves to live in South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana and Namibia. A distinctive feature - rounded spots on a reddish background. It's nice to know that they are not yet considered an endangered species. Periodically there is an increase in the population.
In South Africa, the giraffe population is maintained in large numbers in the oldest Kruger National Park. It is part of the biosphere reserve of the UNESCO International Biological Program. It was named in honor of President Paul Kruger, on whose initiative the conservation area was created. Between the Sabi and Crocodile rivers, the Sabi Reserve was founded, where hunting was limited, including giraffes. On the basis of this place the Kruger zone was created, which later became the first national park of the South African Republic.
Zimbabwe can be proud of the Hwange National Park. This is the place where giraffes live in a poor country in the amount of about 3 thousand individuals. There are few giraffes in other Zimbabwean conservation areas. They can boast of the most famous national park in Namibia - Etosha. No wonder, because it consists entirely of savannahs, which is a natural habitat for the highest animals and lovers of devouring acacias.In Mozambique, Limpopo National Park is inhabited by giraffes, bordering the Kruger conservation area.
At 210 kilometers from the capital of Botswana is Kutse Nature Reserve. In addition to the abundance of various predatory and hoofed animals, Kutze is almost the only place in Botswana where giraffes live.
Interesting facts about long-necked animals
Although kids of acacia lovers are born without horns, the places of their future location are marked with tufts of black color. Under the skin "hide" hryashchiki. Gradually, they will ossify and turn into small horns that will grow over time. Bunches of dark wool persist for several more years, then they are erased and disappear without a trace. Due to this feature, it is possible to approximately determine the age of an individual at a distance.
Employees of one of the protected areas would be described a case in which a lion jumped on a giraffe, but missed. Predator was met with hoofs. The lion did not rise, because the blow fell on the chest. The maimed beast had to be shot. His chest was depressed, and almost all of his ribs were broken. Some more facts about giraffes:
- A giraffe has as many cervical vertebrae as a human - 7 of them.
- Like fingerprints, the color of each individual is unique.
- The animal can reach speeds of up to 60 km / h. If necessary, it is able to jump over an obstacle with a boom of 185 centimeters. And this is the height of a tall man.
- The only relative of an acacia lover is the Okapi.
It doesn’t matter where the giraffe lives, in what country - all its species are intertwined, their signs are not hereditary. Although at the beginning of the study of these animals it was believed that all subspecies are independent.