Wild african animals
Africa is a huge continent, on whose territory there is a place for sand, savanna, mountains and rivers. With such an abundance of natural landscapes, it is not surprising that it is also very diverse. And there are there as a relatively "young" species, and such as the Lang fish - the age of several hundred million years.
Mountains: "The Roof of Africa"
In the northeast of Africa, in Ethiopia, Eritrea and in the north of Somalia, lies the Ethiopian Highlands — the mountain system with the highest point on Mount Ras Dashen. This territory is also called the “Roof of Africa” - its average height is 2000–3000 m, and Ras Dashen is the fourth highest point on the continent.
Many African animals find refuge here. Among them:
- Ethiopian wolves. They live in pairs or small groups. Every morning they get together and hunt small animals throughout the day. In the wild of wolves, only about five hundred are left.
- The baboons of Gelad. These herbivores have very strong fingers and deftly climb any rock. They live in groups of 800, gathering together on mountain slopes for overnight.
- Ethiopian goats. Rare animals, found only in the mountains of Ethiopia.
Grass is the main element of the savannah ecosystem. It provides food and shelter for dozens of animal species. In the savanna live:
- Red billed weaver. This little birdie plays a huge role in the African ecosystem. Red-billed weavers gather in flocks that can reach a number of several thousand individuals.
- Gnu. Especially a lot of them in the Serengeti. The wildebeest is subject to annual migration: every year in May more than one and a half million individuals migrate from the plains to the forests, and come back in November.
- Hyenas. These animals of the African savannah can leave their young for some days, leaving in search of food, and are able to digest the toughest parts of the animals that they feed on, such as tendons and hooves. Hyenas are predators mainly, although they also eat carrion, with this pack of buffaloes, antelopes, and even lion cubs.
- Giraffes These African artiodactyls, along with zebras, elephants and lions, are symbols of the continent. Their neck is 1/3 of the entire length of the body, and the giraffe itself is considered the highest representative of the animal world on the planet.
It is in Africa is the largest desert on Earth - the Sahara. Namib and Kalahari are also located here.The climate in these regions of the planet is dry and harsh: it is hot in the afternoon, it is cold at night. Rainfall is very small, and the main area of the desert is sand. Under the terrain and African animals living in this area:
- Camels “Desert ships”, as the locals call them, and some of its most famous inhabitants. They are able to do without water for several days, and then drink up to 100 liters of liquid at a time — a trick that would kill any other animal. In addition, camels are able to drink salt water and eat hard plants like the camel's thorn and saxaul.
- Platozavry Bradley. Lizards of this species, according to scientists, have three times more ultraviolet receptors than other known animals. It is believed that with the help of pulses in the ultraviolet spectrum, platozauri determine the strength of the enemy.
- Oryx or Oryx. Representatives of both sexes - both males and females - have horns, because of which both poachers and local residents constantly hunt them. From the horns of the Oryx make natural pipes or shoefares (musical instruments).
- Lions These animals live mainly in savannas, but they can be seen along the edge of the desert.Big cats are united in the pride, which consists of females, pups and several adult males. Lions are at the top of the food chain: among others, they hunt Oryx.
- Desert elephants. This is a peculiar phenomenon of the Skeleton Coast. Desert elephants live in northwestern Namibia in the Kunene region and in Mali.
Water: rivers and lakes
Africa is the site of the largest freshwater lakes on the planet. So, here are Malawi, Tanganyika and Victoria. On the same continent is located and the Nile - one of the largest in duration river systems in the world. The logical result of the availability of water is the diverse and vibrant fauna of the reservoirs and their shores, in terms of wealth in no way inferior to mountains, deserts or savannas.
Notable African aquatic animals: the Nile crocodile (the second largest in the world and the largest of the three species found in Africa), hippo, ibis, marabou. On Lake Victoria, you can still see the fish Lang - an animal that existed already 300 million years ago. This rare creature is unique in that it has both gills and lungs. Because of this, it is able to survive long periods of drought, hibernate and go without food.
Jungle and forest
African wildlife is diverse.Especially in tropical rain forests: there are gorillas, chimpanzees, baboons, mandrills, mamba and boig snakes, pythons, bongo antelopes, elephants (forest elephants are slightly smaller than their counterparts living in savannas and deserts), buffaloes, African peacocks (very beautiful birds which, like many birds, are monogamous: that is, the male remains with one female for the period of incubation).
Some species of animals are found everywhere: for example, elephants and lions live in the jungle, in the savannah, and in the desert.
The most dangerous inhabitants of Africa: snakes and scorpions
Among the most deadly inhabitants of the continent are naturally poisonous snakes and crocodiles. To be more precise, this is:
- The Cape Cobra is a one and a half meter amber-yellow reptile found in desert-steppe areas in South Africa. Every year she kills more people than any other representative of the snake tribe.
- Eastern green mamba. Its size is only from 180 to 250 cm. First, these snakes rarely attack, they are very calm and at the meeting they prefer to escape. Nevertheless, their poison is very strong.
- Black Mamba. This reptile representative is fast and large: she is able to outrun even a running person, and this, combined with a rather nervous character and deadly poison,makes her much more dangerous than the previous relative.
- African vipers. The presence of another reptile in this list is not surprising, because in Africa there are about 400 species of snakes, of which 90 are poisonous. Encounters with vipers in most cases are accidental, and the victim survives, but this does not contribute to reducing the danger.
- Hieroglyphic python. Another snake, this time not poisonous, but no less dangerous. Python kills with the help of its “embraces”: it grabs the victim and holds it, and is able to do it for hours. Especially they do not attack people, but they are always ready to defend themselves.
- Scorpions Africa has 4-5 species of poisonous and dangerous species of these creatures.
However, the inhabitants of land having legs are far from being harmless. Statistics and experience warn that the most dangerous species include:
- Nile crocodile. Sizes do not matter for this predator: the crocodile eats everyone, and all African animals are afraid of it. Photos of crocodiles, eating animals or people can be found quite often in the “photo reports” of tourists and researchers. Locals also sometimes become victims of these reptiles.This means that even awareness and caution can not be 100% protected from danger. Nile crocodiles reach 6 meters in length, and their weight can be one ton. According to statistics, every year a predator kills about a hundred people.
- Hippos. At first glance, this may seem strange, but few are as dangerous as these African animals. Photos of toothy giants and their kids evoke memories of children's fairy tales and cartoons, and meanwhile their teeth are deadly sharp weapons. The females are particularly distinguished by the stormy temper: during the period of rearing their young, they even rush to other hippos, if it seems to them that the baby is in danger.
- Elephants. These are the largest living mammals, occasionally colliding with unarmed Africans in search of new territories. Such conflicts lead to casualties on both sides, especially since in a rage the elephant is able to literally destroy everything in its path.
- Spotted hyenas. These wild African animals live in clans or flocks, and they have matriarchy. Hyenas can even hunt lions: old individuals expelled from the pride, or little lion cubs - these are their prey.Especially they don’t attack people, but if they are trying, then it’s hard to defend against them.
- Cape buffalo. Very calm and harmless-looking animals become deadly if injured. Buffaloes live almost everywhere where there is grass, and are kept in herds, and they have an excellent memory and scent. Killing an animal is hard: if you don’t get into a vulnerable spot the first time, the buffalo will do everything to take revenge, either chasing the offender or waiting in ambush.